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Activists Accuse Syria of 'Torture Chambers' in Prisons


January 7, 2012
Bassem Mroue / Associated Press & Avaaz

Avaaz, an online activist group, has accused the Syrian regime on of torturing hundreds of people to death in overcrowded prisons, jails and illegal detention centres across the country since an uprising began in March. Avaaz has issued a report that claims 617 people have been confirmed killed under torture by President Bashar Assad's forces as they cracked down on the revolt.

http://www.thestar.com/news/world/article/1111081--activists-accuse-syria-of-torture-chambers-in-prisons

ACTION: Save Syria's Disappeared
Almost 3,000 people have been forcibly disappeared since March 15, after Syrians rose up peacefully to demand freedom. Avaaz is calling for strong United Nations action to sanction the regime and bring the perpetrators of these crimes against humanity to justice.

Activists Accuse Syria of 'Torture Chambers' in Prisons
Bassem Mroue / Associated Press

BEIRUT (January 5, 2012) -- An activist group accused the Syrian regime on Thursday of torturing hundreds of people to death in overcrowded prisons, jails and illegal detention centres across the country since an uprising began in March. Avaaz, an online global activist group, issued a report saying 617 people have been confirmed killed under torture by President Bashar Assad's forces as they cracked down on the revolt.

“Assad's henchmen have tried to break the pro-democracy movement in these torture chambers, but brave Syrians are still standing up for their rights,” said Stephanie Brancaforte, Campaign Director at Avaaz. The alleged torture victims are among 6,874 people killed since the uprising began, Avaaz said, giving a significantly higher toll than the estimate of 5,000 given several weeks ago by the United Nations.

The Local Coordination Committees, an opposition group that tracks the deaths in Syria, said up to 20 people were killed in Thursday violence.

In its report, Avaaz said it verified each death by three independent sources, including a family member of the deceased and the imam who performed the funeral procession. The group said it works with a team of 58 human rights monitors in Syria. The group encouraged Arab League monitors in the country to “visit these torture chambers and ensure the regime immediately end these atrocities.”

Syria generally does not respond to criticism about its human rights record. But the regime has long contended that the turmoil this year is not an uprising by reform-seekers but the work of terrorists and foreign-backed armed gangs. Most international observers dismiss that claim as an attempt by an autocratic regime to terrify its citizens into abandoning the revolt.

Avaaz's figures are impossible to independently confirm, with Assad's regime continuing to bar almost all foreign journalists or human rights groups from entering Syria.

Syrian state-TV reported Thursday that authorities have released more than 500 prisoners accused of involvement in anti-regime activities. The move appeared to be another gesture to comply with an Arab League plan to end the regime's 9-month-old crackdown on dissent.

Arab League chief Nabil Elaraby said this week that Syria had released about 3,500 detainees in recent weeks. And state television said Thursday another 552 had been released. But Avaaz said Thursday that 37,000 people remain in detention.

The Arab peace plan, being monitored by about 100 Arab League observers now in Syria, requires Assad's regime to remove security forces and heavy weapons from cities, start talks with opposition leaders and free political prisoners. The League claims it has won some concessions from Syria, including the pullout of heavy military weaponry from cities and the release of thousands of prisoners.

However, Syria's opposition is accusing the regime of misleading the monitors by taking them to areas loyal to the government, changing street signs to confuse them, painting army vehicles blue to look like those of police and sending supporters into rebellious neighbourhoods to give false testimony.

An Arab League official said the observers have not reported or complained about being misled by the regime. He said the Syrian opposition is making pre-emptive statements, fearing the regime might try to mislead the monitors.

Addressing the opposition's complaint about painting military vehicles blue to appear as police vehicles— something that has been seen on amateur videos -- the official said: “Observers know what is for the army and what is for police.” The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to the media. He added that additional monitors will head to Syria on Friday to raise the total numbers of observers to about 140.

Assad agreed to the Arab peace plan on Dec. 19, but the Arab League has acknowledged that its plan has failed to stop violence. Activists have reported nearly 400 deaths since the monitors began work last week.

On Thursday, a team of monitors visited the tense Damascus suburb of Arbeen, two village in the southern province of Daraa and a hospital in the central city of Hama, state TV said.



6,200 Killed & 69,000 Detained in Syria's Crackdown:
617 confirmed killed under torture
More than 400 child casualties

Avaaz

(December 23, 2011) -- Bashar al-Assad's crackdown on Syria's popular uprising has now claimed at least 6,237 victims and seen a further 69,000 people detained over the course of the last nine months, the global campaigning organisation Avaaz can confirm today.

These shocking new figures means that no one has been left untouched with 1 in every 300 Syrians have either killed or detained in the country since the uprising began.

Working with a team of 58 human rights monitors in Syria, in addition to partner organisations on the ground, the global campaign organisation Avaaz has verified the deaths of 6,237 people in Syria between March 15 to December 9 of this year.

Of the 69,000 detained since March, over 37,000 people remain in detention and some 32,000 people have been released, many of them bearing scars from torture and violence.

Ricken Patel, Executive Director of Avaaz, said: “With more than 6,000 dead and almost 70,000 detained in Assad's brutal prisons, no one can now turn a blind eye to the horror-show in Syria. Russia has gone too far -- delaying international action and arming Assad's death squads. 1 in every 300 Syrians has either been killed or imprisoned. The world faces a choice: it stands by while the Syrian regime continues to slaughter people or it steps up the pressure to force Assad out.”

Clashes between regime forces and armed revolutionaries has lead to at least 917 deaths over Syria's 9-month uprising, with the city of Homs having seen almost 40% of all deaths and together with Daraa and Hama witnessing the large bulk of civilian casualties.

The figures reveal the alarming conditions under which prisoners are held -- Avaaz has verified the deaths of 617 people under torture, including 39 children. Only two people died in detention without having been tortured.

Avaaz's research, which is consulted on by the UN for its own death toll, adheres to a strict verification process. Each death is confirmed by three independent sources, including a family member of the deceased and the imam who performed the funeral procession.

Note
A map of the death toll can be found here
Death toll breakdown: Death toll (including Syrian army loyal to Al Assad, Military security forces, National Security Forces, Political Security forces, Shabeha, Informers and resistance): 6,237

City-by-city:
Homs: 2582
Hama: 813
Daraa: 1259
Damascus: 18 (including Palestinian refugee camp Yarmuk and Al Hajar Al Aswad Golan Heights camp)
Damascus suburbs: 116
Lattakia: 208
Aleppo: 19
Aien Al Arab (Kubani): 13
Baniyas: 8
Idlib: 886
Deir Ezzor: 117
Al Bou Kamal: 46
Hassaki: 17
Qamishli: 7
Raqaa: 26
Bodies in Teshreen Military Hosiptal 102

Men: 5,361
Women: 473
Children: 403

Regime forces: 917

FSA: 36 names confirmed

Killed under torture: 617, including 39 children

For further information about how all our figures were recorded, please contact Wissam Tarif on +961 71 688 549 or wissam@avaaz.org. For other information please contact Will Davies on +44 7855 419901 or will@avaaz.org; Sam Barratt on +44 7909 836139 or sam.barratt@avaaz.org.

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