August 11, 2012 Inside Story Americas / Al Jazeera
For almost every single Arab country that has seen uprisings over the past two years the US has called for regime change, except for the Gulf country of Bahrain -- one of its closest allies in the region As human rights violations continue in the Gulf nation we ask how the US can review its policy to ensure non-violence.
"The US knows exactly what's going on in Bahrain. They're on the ground there, very concerned, I would say even freaked out but they're not willing to speak publicly and more loudly…it shouldn't be just Posner, it should be the head of the 5th Fleet who's saying those things."
-- Joe Stork, the deputy Middle East director for Human Rights Watch
(August 10, 2012) -- For almost every single Arab country that has seen uprisings over the past two years the US has called for regime change, except for the Gulf country of Bahrain -- one of its closest allies in the region.
Security forces violently crushed the mass protests which began in February of last year. Demonstrators were arrested and tortured. A year-and-a-half since the uprising reports of abuse continue.
According to Human Rights Watch the government is arresting and prosecuting members of the opposition for exercising their right to free speech. The government has yet to hold any senior officials accountable for the torture of opposition activists.
In a hearing on Capitol Hill last week, Michael Posner, a US State Department official, said the US must be straightforward in its assessment of Bahrain."
"We've also been consistent in our criticism of the use of excessive force by police including tear gas, birdshot and nightly raids and arrests of protesters," Posner told the US Congress. But despite these concerns, the US continues to back the Bahraini monarchy. The two countries have had a close relationship for over 60 years. Bahrain is home to the Fifth Fleet of the US Navy.
Posner in his testimony added that the US-Bahrain relationship is particularly important in the face of rising threats from Iran.
Speaking to Al Jazeera earlier Maryam al-Khawaja, a Bahraini human rights activist, among other things said: "President Obama made a very good speech in May where he spoke about things that needed to change. "He spoke about the demolition of mosques and he spoke about the political leaders who were imprisoned who needed to be at the dialogue table. Unfortunately there has been no follow-up on that."
In this episode, Inside Story Americas asks: Should the US reconsider its policy towards Bahrain?
Joining presenter Shihab Rattansi for the discussion are guests: Joe Stork, the deputy Middle East director for Human Rights Watch; Ali Al-Ahmed, a Saudi dissident and director of the Institute for Gulf Affairs; and Hillary Mann Leverett, a US foreign policy professor at the American University who also co-authors the blog, The Race For Iran.
POINTS FROM MICHAEL POSNER'S TESTIMONY
• Excessive use of force and almost nightly confrontations between young protesters and police
• Denial of permits for demonstrations by Bahraini authorities
• Reports of disproportionate measures, such as the abuse of tear gas and birdshot, for crowd control
• Demonstrators' fear to seek medical treatment
• Reports of continuing reprisals against protesters
• Hundreds of criminal cases pending, with many still in detention for more than a year
• Little evidence that Bahrain is moving toward a negotiated political solution
Posted in accordance with Title 17, Section 107, US Code, for noncommercial, educational purposes.