US Launches Nuclear-Capable Missiles; Israel Has Built 80 Nuclear Bombs
October 12, 2013
The New Age Peace Foundation & Haider Rizvi / The Pakistan Daily Times & Batsheva Sobelman / The New York Times
While US media and politicians fixate on Iran's non-existence nuclear weapons, little attention is paid to real nuclear threats. On September 22 and 26, the US conducted tests of the Minuteman III Intercontinental Ballistic Missile which is capable of delivering a nuclear warhead to any target on Earth. Meanwhile, Israel has 80 nuclear warheads and maintains the potential to double that number, according to US experts.
US Launches Six
Nuclear-Capable Missiles in September
The New Age Peace Foundation
(October 8, 2013) -- On September 22 and 26, the United States conducted tests of the Minuteman III Intercontinental Ballistic Missile. The Minuteman III is the United States' land-based missile that is capable of delivering a nuclear warhead to any target on Earth.
Rick Wayman, NAPF Director of Programs, criticized the US for conducting these provocative tests, particularly on significant dates. The first test took place just hours after the end of the International Day of Peace on September 21.
The second test took place on September 26, the same day as the High-Level Meeting on Nuclear Disarmament at the United Nations.
Wayman said, "Instead of honoring the significance of these dates and working in good faith to achieve nuclear disarmament, the United States has chosen to test its Minuteman III Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles."
The US Navy also test-fired four submarine-launched ballistic missiles in the Atlantic Ocean on September 10 and 12.
US Plan to Test Nuclear Missiles Draws Fire from Peace Activists
Haider Rizvi / The Pakistan Daily Times
NEW YORK (September 20, 2013) -- The US plan to test nuclear missiles next week has drawn fire from international peace activists who have been calling for the abolition of nuclear weapons for years.
"Instead of honouring the significance of these dates and working in good faith to achieve nuclear disarmament, the United States has chosen to schedule two tests of its Minuteman III Intercontinental Ballistic Missile on September 22 and September 26," said Rick Wayman of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation.
September 21 is the International Day of Peace that would be observed throughout the world before the UN high-level meeting on nuclear disarmament takes place at the world body's headquarters in New York on September 26.
"Just hours after the International Day of Peace ends, the US plans to launch a Minuteman III -- the missile that delivers US land-based nuclear weapons -- from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California to the Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands," Wayman said.
In a statement sent to Daily Times, he added, "Then, on the same day that most countries will send their head of state or foreign minister to New York for the UN's first-ever High-Level Meeting on nuclear disarmament, the US plans to send another Minuteman III missile from California to the Marshall Islands. These missiles are designed to carry nuclear warheads capable of killing thousands of times more people than the chemical weapons used in Syria," he added.
The US Vandenberg Air Force Base has not yet publicly announced either of these launches, but sources say there are two Minuteman III launches scheduled for some time this month.
According to them, the launches are due to take place on September 22 and 26.
"We are disappointed that a test launch is scheduled for the same day as the High-Level Meeting on nuclear disarmament at the UN in New York," Wayman told Daily Times.
Asked to comment on this issue, the UN spokesperson, Farhan Haq, cited the UN secretary general's recent statement in which he said, "We should all remember the terrible toll of nuclear tests."
In his statement, Ban Ki-moon mentioned that as many as 456 nuclear tests were carried at Semipalatinsk since the first explosion there more than 64 years ago. Nearly one and a half million people were affected by the consequences of nuclear testing, and an immense territory has been contaminated with radiation, he noted
With the adoption of the Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963, he said, the international community completed its first step towards putting an end to all nuclear weapon test explosions.
In his view, this objective is "a serious matter of unfinished business on the disarmament agenda". Until now, 183 countries have signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and 159 have ratified it.
Ban is urging all states to sign and ratify the CTBT without further delay. Eight states whose ratifications are necessary for the treaty to enter into force have a special responsibility: China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan and the United States.
"None should wait for others to act first. In the meantime, all States should maintain or implement moratoria on nuclear explosions," Ban said.
Writing on this issue, Jonathan Granoff, the president of the Global Security Institute and an adjunct professor of international law at Widener University School of Law, notes that "many countries know this and that is why" the 67th session of the General Assembly moved to convene the high-level meeting on nuclear disarmament for the 68th session next week.
China and India have both expressed support for negotiating a universal ban on the weapons and Pakistan has stated it would follow. France, the US and UK, and Russia openly oppose progress now on even taking preliminary steps to negotiate a legal ban.
"It is hard to make the case that the US military should ever be constrained without demonstrating the benefits of obtaining a universal ban on the weapons. Incoherence in advocacy leads to policies going in multiple directions," he says.
These issues related to nuclear disarmament, according to him "will not be resolved soon since behind them all is a cadre within the US military which wants to always have a dominant position for security purposes".
"Progress is unlikely while Russia feels threatened," he says.
John Burroughs, executive director of the Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy, offered similar thoughts.
"In March, US Defence Secretary Charles Hagel delayed a missile test launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base because it might be seen as provocative by North Korea. Hagel should also delay or, better, cancel the tests planned for late September," he told Daily Times via email.
"A test on September 26 will definitely be a slap in the fact to the foreign ministers and heads of state assembled for the first-ever High-Level Meeting on Nuclear Disarmament at the United Nations," he said.
"Instead of sending a test missile to the Marshall Islands, where health and environment were badly damaged by ferocious atmospheric US nuclear testing in the 1950s, the United States should send President Obama or Secretary of State Kerry to the High-Level Meeting to explain how the United States intends to begin participating in multilateral efforts for global elimination of nuclear weapons," he added.
Israel Has 80 Nuclear Warheads,
Can Make 115 to 190 More, Report Says
Batsheva Sobelman / The New York Times
JERUSALEM (September 15, 2013) -- Israel has 80 nuclear warheads and the potential to double that number, according to a new report by US experts.
In the Global Nuclear Weapons Inventories recently published in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, proliferation experts Hans M. Kristensen and Robert S. Norris write that Israel stopped production of nuclear warheads in 2004. But the country has enough fissile material for an additional 115 to 190 warheads, according to the report, meaning it could as much as double its arsenal.
Previous estimates have been higher but the new figures agree with the 2013 Stockholm International Peace Research Institute yearbook on armament and international security. The yearbook estimated 50 of Israel's nuclear warheads were for medium-range ballistic missiles and 30 were for for bombs carried by aircraft, according to a report in the Guardian.
Although widely assumed a nuclear power, Israel has never acknowledged possessing nuclear weapons or capabilities and continues to maintain its decades-old "strategic ambiguity" policy on the matter, neither confirming nor denying foreign reports on the issue.
In 1986, Mordechai Vanunu, an Israeli nuclear technician, leaked the country's alleged nuclear secrets to a British newspaper, and said Israel had at least 100 nuclear weapons. Vanunu was later convicted of espionage and treason and was released from jail in 2004 after serving 17 years.
Israel continued to adhere to its vagueness policy after comments made by then-Prime Minister Ehud Olmert in 2006 were interpreted by many as an inadvertent confirmation that Israel had nuclear weapons.
Following Sunday's reports, Israeli defense analyst Amir Oren wrote that the ambiguity policy has done "its duty honorably and can now retire." In the current regional conditions, Israel could benefit from giving up the vagueness, he wrote in Haaretz.
Founded in 1952, the Israel Atomic Energy Commission, is nearly as old as the state. It acknowledges two "nuclear research centers," one in central Israel, the other in the Negev desert.
The facility at Soreq is under supervision of the IAEA, the International Atomic Energy Agency, whose inspectors routinely ensure it is being used for research purposes only.
Earlier this year, an IAEA team inspected the facility at Israel's request for a first-ever comprehensive safety review, a concern after the nuclear accident at Fukushima, Japan, in 2011.
The 40-year-old facility at Soreq is expected to be phased out by the end of the decade and replaced with a particle accelerator, according to Israeli media.
But the nuclear facility in Dimona, a location in Israel's southern Negev desert, is off-limits for the IAEA and not under its supervision. According to foreign reports, that is where the nuclear warheads have been produced since 1967.
Of the many multilateral agreements on nuclear issues the IAEA offers, Israel has signed a few and ratified fewer, mostly relating to nuclear safety issues. But it is not a party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. In 2010, Israel dismissed a demand from the parties to join.
(A letter from http://www.latimes.com/topic/politics/henry-kissinger-hpp1883.topicHenry Kissinger to President Nixon in 1969 describes US concerns that Israel "make no visible introduction of nuclear weapons" or "undertake a nuclear test program". According to the letter, the Israeli government told the US it "would not become a nuclear power.")
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