Ukraine's Neo-Nazi Imperative
April 22, 2014
Robert Parry / Consortium News
After the Feb. 22 coup in Ukraine -- spearheaded by neo-Nazi militias -- European and US diplomats pushed for a quick formation of a new government out of fear that otherwise these far-right ultra-nationalists would be left in total control. This is the inconvenient truth behind what happened in Ukraine: neo-Nazis were at the forefront of the Kiev coup that ousted elected President Viktor Yanukovych -- a reality that the US government and news media have been relentlessly trying to cover up.
Ukraine's Neo-Nazi Imperative
Robert Parry / Consortium News
(April 20, 2014) -- After the Feb. 22 coup in Ukraine -- spearheaded by neo-Nazi militias -- European and US diplomats pushed for a quick formation of a new government out of fear that otherwise these far-right ultra-nationalists would be left in total control, one of those diplomats told me.
The comment again underscores the inconvenient truth of what happened in Ukraine: neo-Nazis were at the forefront of the Kiev coup that ousted elected President Viktor Yanukovych, a reality that the US government and news media have been relentlessly trying to cover up.
Although real-time reports from the scene in February chronicled armed and organized militias associated with the neo-Nazi Svoboda party and the Right Sektor attacking police with firebombs and light weapons, that information soon became a threat to the Western propaganda theme that Yanukovych fled simply because peaceful protesters occupied the Maidan square.
So, the more troubling history soon disappeared into the memory hole, dismissed as "Russian propaganda." The focus of the biased US news media is now on the anti-Kiev militants in the Russian-ethnic areas of eastern Ukraine who have rejected the authority of the coup regime and are insisting on regional autonomy.
The new drumbeat in the US press is that those militants must disarm in line with last week's agreement in Geneva involving the United States, European Union, Russia and the "transitional" Ukrainian government. As for those inconvenient neo-Nazi militias, they have been incorporated into a paramilitary "National Guard" and deployed to the east to conduct an "anti-terrorist" campaign against the eastern Ukrainian protesters, ethnic Russians whom the neo-Nazis despise.
The new role for the neo-Nazi militias was announced last week by Andriy Parubiy, head of the Ukrainian National Security Council, who declared on Twitter, "Reserve unit of National Guard formed #Maidan Self-defense volunteers was sent to the front line this morning."
Parubiy is himself a well-known neo-Nazi, who founded the Social-National Party of Ukraine in 1991. The party blended radical Ukrainian nationalism with neo-Nazi symbols. Parubiy also formed a paramilitary spinoff, the Patriots of Ukraine, and defended the awarding of the title, "Hero of Ukraine," to World War II Nazi collaborator Stepan Bandera, whose own paramilitary forces exterminated thousands of Jews and Poles in pursuit of a racially pure Ukraine.
In the hasty structuring of the post-coup government in February, part of the compromise with the ascendant neo-Nazis was to give them control of four ministries, including Parubiy in the key position heading national security. To give him loyal and motivated forces to strike at the pro-Russian east, he incorporated many of the storm troopers from his Maidan force into the National Guard.
Leaving Out the History
Yet, how is Parubiy described in the US mainstream media? On Sunday, Washington Post correspondent Kathy Lally, who has been one of the most biased journalists covering the Ukraine crisis, wrote a front-page article about the state of Ukraine's military in which she relied on Parubiy for a key part of her story.
Lally simply identified him as "secretary of the National Security and Defense Council," without explaining Parubiy's extreme-right politics or the illegitimate way that he got his position. Lally then let him assert that Russia is "intent on making the government fail and seeing it replaced by one deferring to Moscow."
But Lally is far from alone in representing the deeply prejudiced "group think" of the US press corps regarding Ukraine. Often the only way that American readers can get any sense of the key role played by the neo-Nazis is in the repeated denials of that reality.
New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof returned to his family's ancestral home in Karapchiv in western Ukraine to interview some of its residents and present their views as the true voice of the people.
"To understand why Ukrainians are risking war with Russia to try to pluck themselves from Moscow's grip, I came to this village where my father grew up," he wrote. "Even here in the village, Ukrainians watch Russian television and loathe the propaganda portraying them as neo-Nazi thugs rampaging against Russian speakers.
"'If you listen to them, we all carry assault rifles; we're all beating people,' Ilya Moskal, a history teacher, said contemptuously."
Of course, Moskal's description is hyperbole. The Russian media is not making those claims, although it has noted, for instance, that the neo-Nazi militias -- now reformulated as "National Guard" units -- did kill three eastern Ukrainian protesters last week, deaths announced by the Kiev government.
But Kristof doesn't stop there in his nostalgia for his father's old home town, which he depicts as a noble place where everyone loves the music of Taylor Swift and dreams of their place in a prosperous Europe -- if only President Barack Obama would send them weapons to kill Russians (or go "bear-hunting" as Kristof cutely wrote in a previous column).
On Sunday, Kristof wrote: "For people with such fondness for American culture, there is disappointment that President Obama hasn't embraced Ukraine more firmly."
Source of Ukraine's Ills
Kristof also blamed Ukraine's economic woes on Russia when a more honest explanation would be that the free-market "shock therapy" that Western advisers imposed on Ukraine after the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991 allowed a dozen or so well-connected "oligarchs" to plunder the country's wealth and amass near total economic and political control. They are the principal reason for Ukraine's pervasive corruption and poverty.
But Kristof appears to be readying his New York Times readers to support the violent crushing of the popular resistance in eastern Ukraine, which was President Yanukovych's political base. Kristof is a renowned R2Per, urging a "responsibility to protect" civilians from government force, but his sense of responsibility appears to be highly selective, fitting with his favored geopolitical priorities.
More broadly, the US news media's hiding of Ukraine's neo-Nazis has become a near obsession, indeed, done in greater uniformity across the mainstream press and even much of the blogosphere than the misguided consensus on Iraq's WMD in 2002-03 that led to the disastrous Iraq War.
From a purely news point of view, you might think the inclusion of Nazis in a European government for the first time since World War II might make for a good story. But that would go against the preferred American narrative that the protesters in the Maidan were peaceful and idealistic -- and that they were set upon by the evil Yanukovych who simply fled because he could no longer withstand their moral pressure.
Left out of this narrative is that Yanukovych signed an agreement on Feb. 21 brokered by three European governments in which he agreed to reduce his powers, accept early elections to vote him out of office, and -- most fatefully -- pull back the police. It was then that the neo-Nazi militias, from western Ukraine and organized in 100-man brigades, attacked the few remaining police, seized government buildings and sent Yanukovych and many of his officials fleeing for their lives.
As I was told by one of the Western diplomats involved in the aftermath, there was an urgency to cobble together some interim government because otherwise the neo-Nazis would have been left in total control. He said the various parties in parliament moved expeditiously to impeach Yanukovych (though constitutional procedures weren't followed) and replace him with an interim president and government.
To placate the neo-Nazis, they were given control of four ministries, including the appointment of Parubiy to handle national security and make the neo-Nazi militias part of the official government security apparatus as National Guard.
But that history has been whisked away from information that the mainstream US news media makes available to the American people, all the better to lead them into a new Cold War. [For more on this US propaganda, see "Ukraine. Through the US ‘Looking Glass.'"]
The Dangerous Neocon-R2P Alliance
Robert Parry / Consortium News
(April 18, 2014) -- The American mainstream news media has rarely bought in so thoroughly to a US government propaganda campaign as it has in taking sides in support of the post-coup government in Ukraine and against Russia and pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine.
Part of this is explained by the longstanding animus toward Russian President Vladimir Putin for his autocratic style, his shirtless photographs and his government's opposition to gay rights. Another part is a hangover from the Cold War when the Russkies were the enemy. In Official Washington, there is palpable nostalgia for the days of Ronald Reagan's anticommunist swagger and "Red Dawn" fantasies.
But another reason for the biased coverage from the US press corps is the recent fusion of the still-influential neoconservatives with more liberal "responsibility to protect" (R2P) activists who believe in "humanitarian" military interventions. The modern mainstream US news media is dominated by these two groups: neocons on the right and R2Pers on the center-left.
As one longtime Washington observer told me recently the neocons are motivated by two things, love of Israel and hatred of Russia. Meanwhile, the R2Pers are easily enamored of idealistic young people in street protests.
The two elements of this alliance -- the neocons and the R2Pers -- also now represent the dominant foreign policy establishment in Official Washington, with the few remaining "realists" largely shoved to the side, including to some degree President Barack Obama who has "realist" tendencies in seeking to limit use of US military power but continues to cede control over his administration's actions abroad to aggressive neocon-R2P operatives.
During Obama's first term, he made the fateful decision to create a "team of rivals" of powerful political and bureaucratic figures -- the likes of Defense Secretary Robert Gates, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and General David Petraeus. They skillfully funneled the President into hawkish decisions that they wanted, such as a "surge" of 30,000 troops into Afghanistan and a major confrontation with Iran over its nuclear program. (Both positions were pushed by the neocons.)
In 2011, the neocons and the R2Pers teamed up for the war against Libya, which was sold to the United Nations Security Council as simply a limited intervention to protect civilians in the east whom Muammar Gaddafi had labeled "terrorists." However, once the US-orchestrated military operation got going, it quickly turned into a "regime change" war, eliminating longtime neocon nemesis, Gaddafi, to Hillary Clinton's hawkish delight.
In Obama's second term, the original "team of rivals" is gone, but foreign policy is being defined by the likes of Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs Victoria Nuland, a neocon, and Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power, a leading R2Per, with a substantial supporting role by neocon Sen. John McCain, R-Arizona. Obama defeated McCain in 2008, but McCain now is pulling the strings of Secretary of State John Kerry, who also appears enamored of the hawkish stances demanded by Nuland and Power.
Power was a passionate advocate for bombing Syria to degrade the military capabilities of President Bashar al-Assad who is in the midst of a bloody civil war. For her part, Nuland threw the weight of the US government behind Ukrainian protesters who -- with crucial help from neo-Nazi militias -- ousted elected (but corrupt) President Viktor Yanukovych in February.
To the surprise of many people who knew Kerry in his early days -- as a Vietnam veteran against the war and as an aggressive Senate investigator in the 1980s -- Kerry has consistently taken the side of the neocons and the R2Pers. As Secretary of State since February 2013, he also has built a dubious reputation for himself as someone who rushes to judgments and disregards evidence when the facts are inconvenient. [See Consortiumnews.com's "What's the Matter with John Kerry?"]
After a sarin gas attack last Aug. 21 outside Damascus, Kerry jumped to the conclusion that Assad's government was at fault despite serious doubts within the US intelligence community and among independent analysts. Then, without presenting a shred of verifiable evidence, he gave a bellicose speech on Aug. 30 claiming repeatedly that "we know" that the regime did it.
Though it still has not been ascertained whether regime forces or the rebels were responsible, it is now clear that Kerry was wrong in asserting US government certainty, especially after a team of rocket scientists determined that the one rocket found to carry sarin had a maximum range of about two kilometers, much less than was needed to fit with Kerry's claims.
One of those scientists, MIT's Theodore Postol, told MintPress News that "According to our analysis, I would not … claim that I know who executed the attack, but it's very clear that John Kerry had very bad intelligence at best or, at worst, lied about the intelligence he had."
Postol compared Kerry's presentation to the Bush-43 administration's assertions about Iraq possessing WMD in 2002-03 and the Johnson administration citing the Gulf of Tonkin incident to justify escalation of the Vietnam War in 1964. Postol also noted the failure of the US press to question the US government's accusations against Syria.
"To me, the fact that people are not focused on how the administration lied is very disturbing and shows how far the community of journalists and the community of so-called security experts has strayed from their responsibility," Postol said. "The government so specifically distorted the evidence that it presented a very real danger to the country and the world. I am concerned about the collapse of traditional journalism and the future of the country."
Just this week, Kerry further augmented his new reputation as a person who doesn't check his facts and simply spouts propaganda. On Thursday, after a Geneva conference called to tamp down tensions in Ukraine, Kerry rhetorically poured fuel on the fire by citing a claim about pro-Russian demonstrators in eastern Ukraine threatening local Jews.
"Just in the last couple of days, notices were sent to Jews in one city indicating that they had to identify themselves as Jews. And obviously, the accompanying threat implied is -- or threatened -- or suffer the consequences, one way or the other," Kerry said.
"In the year 2014, after all of the miles traveled and all of the journey of history, this is not just intolerable; it's grotesque. It is beyond unacceptable. And any of the people who engage in these kinds of activities, from whatever party or whatever ideology or whatever place they crawl out of, there is no place for that."
However, in the days before Kerry spoke, the distribution of the leaflet in Donetsk had been denounced as a black-propaganda hoax designed to discredit the pro-Russian protesters.
A Reported Hoax
As JTA, "the Global Jewish News Source," reported on Wednesday, "Pro-Russian separatists from Donetsk in eastern Ukraine denied any involvement in the circulation of fliers calling on Jews to register with separatists and pay special taxes." Among those denying the legitimacy of the fliers was Denis Pushilin, the person whose name was signed at the bottom. He termed the fliers a "provocation" designed to discredit the resistance in eastern Ukraine against the post-coup regime in Kiev.
The issue of anti-Semitism has been a sensitive one for the Kiev regime because neo-Nazi militias played a key role in overthrowing President Yanukovych on Feb. 22, and now -- renamed as Ukraine's "National Guard" -- these militias have joined in the repression of the protests in eastern Ukraine, including the killing of three protesters this week.
The right-wing Svoboda party and the Right Sektor, which spearheaded the decisive attacks that forced Yanukovych to flee for his life, trace their political lineage back to Stepan Bandera, a World War II Nazi collaborator whose paramilitary force took part in the extermination and expulsion of Jews and Poles to ethnically purify Ukraine.
So, the distribution of anti-Semitic fliers would have served an important political purpose for the Kiev regime by allowing it and its American backers to deflect questions about neo-Nazis in the west by fingering pro-Russians in the east for anti-Semitism. The men who passed out the leaflets were dressed up as pro-Russian paramilitaries but their identities are unknown.
On Friday, the New York Times sought to dispute the possibility that the men might have been pro-Kiev provocateurs by arguing that "there is no evidence" that pro-Kiev operatives are functioning in Donetsk.
But the US-funded National Endowment for Democracy has on its payroll a number of activists and "journalists" operating in Donetsk and elsewhere in the east, according to NED's list of 65 projects in Ukraine. Founded in 1983, NED took over -- in a quasi-public fashion -- many of the covert operations formerly run by the CIA.
Last September, NED's neocon president Carl Gershman wrote an op-ed for the Washington Post that called Ukraine "the biggest prize," the capture of which could ultimately lead to the ouster of Putin, who "may find himself on the losing end not just in the near abroad but within Russia itself."
By citing the suspect flier without noting that its supposed author had already denied its authenticity, Kerry reinforced the growing impression that he is an erratic and biased if not dishonest diplomat.
Obama's role in his administration's foreign policy fiascos has mostly been to be caught off guard by mischief that his independent-minded underlings have stirred up. Then, once a crisis is touched off -- and the propaganda machinery starts churning out hyperbolic alarms -- Obama joins in the rhetorical exaggerations before he tries, quietly, to work out some compromise.
In other words, rather than driving the agenda, Obama goes with the neocon-R2P flow before searching for a last-second off-ramp to avert catastrophe. That creates what looks like a disorganized foreign policy consisting of much tough talk but little actual hard power. The cumulative effect has been to make Obama appear weak and indecisive.
One example was Syria, where Obama drew a "red line" suggesting a US military strike if Assad's regime used chemical weapons. When sarin was used on Aug. 21 resulting in hundreds of deaths, Official Washington's neocons and R2Pers quickly fingered Assad, firmed up that "group think," and ridiculed anyone who doubted this conventional wisdom.
With Kerry running near the front of the stampede, Obama tagged along repeating what all the important people thought they knew -- that Assad was guilty– but Obama steered away from the war cliff at the last minute. He referred the issue to Congress and then accepted a compromise devised by Putin to have Assad surrender all his chemical weapons, even as Assad continued denying a role in the Aug. 21 attack.
After that Syrian deal was struck, the neocons and R2Pers pummeled Obama for weakness in deciding not to launch major military strikes against Syrian targets. Obama managed to avert another Mideast war but he faced accusations of vacillation.
The Ukraine crisis is following a similar pattern. The neocons and R2Pers immediately took the side of the western Ukrainian protesters in the Maidan as they challenged elected President Yanukovych who hails from eastern Ukraine.
Assistant Secretary Nuland openly supported the rebellion, reminding Ukrainian business leaders that the United States had invested $5 billion in their "European aspirations," literally passing out cookies to the protesters and secretly plotting who should replace Yanukovych. Her choice, "Yats" or Arseniy Yatsenyuk, not surprisingly ended up as prime minister after the Feb. 22 coup, and he quickly pushed through the parliament a harsh austerity plan demanded by the International Monetary Fund.
R2Pers also rallied to the cause of the Maidan protesters, citing a principled responsibility to protect civilians resisting government repression. However, the R2Pers have taken a remarkably different stance toward the Ukrainians in the east who have risen up against the unelected post-coup regime in Kiev. Those protesters are simply dismissed as pawns of the Russians, deserving whatever they get.
New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof, a prominent R2Per, even wants the US government to arm the Kiev regime so it can put down the pro-Russian protesters violently. On Thursday, Kristof wrote from Kiev: "For decades, Ukrainians have been starved, oppressed and bullied by Russians, and with Russia now inciting instability that could lead to an invasion and dismemberment of eastern Ukraine, plenty of brave Ukrainians here say they've had it and are ready to go bear-hunting."
So, while virtually no one in the mainstream US media will acknowledge the well-documented role played by American neocons and other operatives in inciting instability in Kiev, leading to the violent overthrow of the elected president, almost everyone in the MSM accepts as indisputable fact that the eastern Ukrainian protests against the post-coup regime in Kiev are simply Russian provocations deserving of a violent response.
But an oddly discordant note was sounded in the Washington Post of all places. On Thursday, correspondent Anthony Faiola reported from Donetsk that many of the eastern Ukrainians whom he interviewed said the unrest was driven by fear over "economic hardship" and the IMF austerity plan that will make their lives even harder.
"At a most dangerous and delicate time, just as it battles Moscow for hearts and minds across the east, the pro-Western government is set to initiate a shock therapy of economic measures to meet the demands of an emergency bailout from the International Monetary Fund," Faiola reported.
In other words, even as Kerry, the neocons and the R2Pers blame only the Russians for the unrest in the east, a rare case of actual reporting from the scene finds a more realistic explanation, that many people in eastern Ukraine feel disenfranchised by the violent overthrow of their candidate Yanukovych and are frightened at the prospects of soaring heating bills and other cuts in their already austere lifestyles.
As for President Obama -- as a timid "realist" -- he has played his typical double game. He responded to the pro-Kiev bias of Official Washington by piling on with angry denunciations of Putin, but -- recognizing the painful consequences that would come from a full-blown confrontation with Russia -- Obama authorized negotiations to reduce tensions, an agreement that was announced on Thursday in Geneva.
Yet, even if the Ukrainian crisis is gradually walked back from the edge, I'm told that lasting damage has been done to the working relationship that had developed, behind the scenes, between Obama and Putin, collaboration that helped avert a US war on Syria and hammered out a compromise to constrain Iran's nuclear program.
Putin had hoped that Russian cooperation on those two dangerous issues would open the door to other collaboration with Obama. But the Ukraine crisis brought those prospects to a halt. The Russians are particularly sensitive to the harsh rhetoric emanating from Kerry but also from Obama.
One adviser to the Russian government told me that the people around Putin feel that they are being treated shabbily even as Obama has benefited from their help.
The adviser summed up the Russian attitude: "How can you expect me to work with you during the day when you sleep with my wife at night? How can you whisper in my ear that we are friends and then go out in public and say terrible things about me? It doesn't work that way."
Investigative reporter Robert Parry broke many of the Iran-Contra stories for The Associated Press and Newsweek in the 1980s. You can buy his new book, America's Stolen Narrative, either in print here or as an e-book (from Amazon and barnesandnoble.com).
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