High-powered Weapons Go Missing as Pentagon's Arming of Local Police Goes Awry
August 30, 2014
Jim Avila, Daniel Rivero and Serena Marshall / ABC World News & Daniel Rivero / Fusion
Thanks to the Pentagon's program of handing over free military weapons to the nation's police, local cop -- often untrained in military tactics -- have are now commanding American boulevards from atop armored personnel carriers and patrolling America's streets armed with assault rifles previously used by Marines and Special Forces. Now an added problem: The local cops can't account for missing weapons. Many of them have apparently been stolen and sold for small fortunes.
Investigation: Military Guns Missing From Police Agencies
Jim Avila, Daniel Rivero and Serena Marshall / ABC World News & Fusion
(August 29, 2014) -- The guns-drawn streets of Ferguson jolted America awake to the militarization of the nation's police. Local cops, often untrained in military tactics, may be carrying assault rifles used by our Marines and even Special Forces, commanding American boulevards from atop armored personnel carriers -- all using surplus weaponry donated by the Pentagon in a program designed to better equip civilian police against terrorists and heavily armed criminals.
"These are tools that law enforcement unfortunately needs," Lt. Mitchell O'Brien with the Huntington Beach, California, Police Department told ABC News. "In North Hollywood, you had law enforcement officers going to B&B guns, looking for weapons so they could fight some criminals that had heavily armed, or were heavily armed with assault weapons."
Also unfortunate, however, as we found in an ABC News/Fusion investigation, was that some police forces are not keeping track of these high-powered weapons.
Huntington Beach, California, was given 23 M-16s and one is missing.
"Bottom line is the gun is not here and we were suspended from the program, haven't received anything since 1999," O'Brien said.
In fact, it's a huge nationwide problem.
The Pentagon suspended three entire states -- Alabama, North Carolina and Minnesota -- for failure to comply with the annual inventory requirements.
In addition, 146 individual law enforcement agencies in 36 states have been suspended since 2007.
Seven departments have been kicked out forever and ordered to return every weapon passed on to them by the Pentagon because of repeated issues with these military-style weapons.
Georgia departments have lost four M-16s and seven M14 machine guns, not to mention 13 military issued 45-caliber handguns.
Clayton County, Georgia lost an M-16, and officials understand the concern.
"Any time a weapon like this ends up missing, that has the possibility of ending up in the wrong hands. It is of concern," Capt. Angelo Daniel of the Clayton County Police told ABC News affiliate WSB-TV in Atlanta.
Not all of the missing weapons are simply lost.
The sheriff of Rising Star, Texas, a town of 800 people, one police officer and no murders this decade, was indicted for selling and pawning $4 million-worth of high-value military equipment, including a machine gun.
"It just appears that the Pentagon's not minding the store," Steve Ellis, vice president of Tax Payers for Common Sense, told ABC News, "that once the inventory is gone, it's out of sight, out of mind -- and we can't afford to have weapons of this type walking around the streets."
"If the government's going to give away billions of dollars in military hardware, they should be sure that they are keeping track of where it's actually going," Ellis added. "And it's shocking to find out that we are seeing M-16s, other automatic weapons that are being lost or simply walking out of the police departments."
O'Brien in Huntington Beach told ABC News that officials think the weapon they lost was melted down, but they aren't really sure.
"Probably, [it was] one of those things where we used it for parts and the spare parts probably got discarded at some point -- but again, its inconclusive," he said. "But we are pretty confident nobody got into our armory and took it."
In Hyattsville, Maryland, the police department was suspended this past April after an M-16 was stolen from an off-duty officer's patrol car in July 2010. But the department wasn't even aware of its suspension until Aug. 27, when ABC News called to inquire.
In a statement to ABC News, the department wrote: "Our agency is currently working with state and federal coordinators of the of the (sic) Military Surplus Program to have the suspension lifted."
Pentagon press secretary Rear Adm. John Kirby told ABC News in a statement, "The department takes its responsibilities very seriously when it comes to property accountability."
"Thousands of controlled property items have been provided to law enforcement agencies (LEAs) through this program and each are inventoried yearly," Kirby added. "States and LEAs that don't properly comply with this rule can and are suspended by our Law Enforcement Support Office. I'd like to note that over 98 percent of the more than 8,000 participating law enforcement agencies remain in good standing within the program. The fact that these LEAs and states were suspended is evidence that DoD [the Department of Defense] is providing oversight and taking action when LEAs are not providing proper accountability of the equipment entrusted to their use.
"[Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel] is participating in the president's review of all federal programs and funding that enable state and local law enforcement to purchase or obtain military-grade equipment," the statement continued. "Within that, the secretary will be reviewing the 1033 program administered by DoD. It would be inappropriate to speculate on the secretary's decisions before the review is complete.
The Pentagon's "1033 program" is described as the ability for the secretary of defense to "transfer" property to state and local agencies, and includes -- in addition to weapons -- transfer of computers, furniture, safety equipment and uniforms.
ABC News' Dana Hughes Contributed to this report.
Fusion Investigates: Are police profiting from 'missing' military equipment?
Daniel Rivero / Fusion
(August 28, 2014) -- A recent grand jury indictment against a former police chief from a small town in central Texas suggests that not all of the Pentagon's missing weapons are simply misplaced somewhere in a forgotten gun locker.
A Fusion investigation published earlier this week revealed that 184 state and local police departments have been suspended from the Pentagon's "1033" military surplus transfer program for reporting missing weapons or failing to comply with other guidelines. The investigation uncovered a pattern of missing equipment, including military-issue M14 and M16 assault rifles, .45-caliber pistols, shotguns and even Humvees.
Now, two federal indictments obtained by Fusion allege that some of that missing equipment — including an M14 assault rifle — was resold or transferred to unauthorized third parties by police officials.
William Jason Kelcy, who served as Chief of Texas' Rising Star Police Department from 2009-2013, was indicted earlier this year on allegations that he "sold, traded, pawned" and transferred several "high value military surplus items," including an M14 assault rifle.
"[D]uring the time he served as police chief, Kelcy, by making false and fraudulent representations about the intended use and/or recipient(s) of equipment, sought and obtained more than $4 million worth of property and equipment from the 1033 Program," reads a Department of Justice statement following the indictment filed in Texas last February.
Count two of the indictment alleges that "in late June 2012, Kelcy transferred and attempted to transfer a Thompson Ramo Wooldridge M14 machine gun."
The indictment states that Kelcy, who died of metastatic melanoma last May before the case went to trial, "gave, sold, bartered, or otherwise disposed of the equipment to other law enforcement agencies, officers, and private citizens with no law enforcement responsibilities."
The case was dismissed following Kelcy's death.
The Rising Star Police Department has since distanced itself from the scandal.
"None of the personnel that was working here at that time is working here any more," police Lt. Jackson Weger told Fusion by phone.
Kelcy wasn't the only police officer accused of abusing the Pentagon's program.
In Columbus, Ohio, officer Steven E. Dean was sentenced to two and a half years in jail earlier this month after a similar federal investigation found him guilty of stealing and selling some $250,000 worth of federally owned property that was given to his department through the 1033 program.
Dean diverted more than $130,000 worth of heavy equipment, construction equipment, and vehicles, plus an additional $7,000 worth of restaurant equipment, and nearly $100,000 worth of materials that were sold for scrap, according to the statement of facts issued by the prosecution. Dean pleaded guilty to all charges.
To read the complete Kelcy Indictment, Click Here.
The case, which resulted in the Columbus Police Department's suspension from the Pentagon program, does not appear to have involved the illegal transfer of any weapons. The department has since been readmitted into the 1033 program.
At times, the practice of profiting from the Pentagon program has been officially sanctioned and backed by an entire police department. A 2012 investigation by the Arizona Republic found that the Pinal Sheriff's Office was routinely trying to balance its budget by selling federal property (vehicles, computers, defibrillators) obtained for free through the 1033 program.
The department was given a "Million Dollar Customer" award by the Pentagon a few weeks before the investigation was published, according to a USA Today report.
But after the report was published, the Pinal Sheriff's Office was suspended from the program and the Pentagon ordered them to retrieve the hundreds of thousands of dollars in equipment it had sold or leased to third parties. The department's suspension has since been lifted. Fusion reached out to the Pinal Sheriff's Office for comment, but did not receive a response by press time.
Pentagon spokeswoman Michelle McCaskill says the federal government maintains tight controls on all equipment transfers, and insists the program "does not push the excess equipment on any agency."
But Lt. Mike Hopson of the Ennis Police Department in Texas tells a different story. He says he felt like the Pentagon was foisting unwanted equipment on his police department.
"Some of our people went down to pick up a station wagon and another little vehicle, and they were trying to give us helicopters and aircraft carriers and stuff like that," Hopson said.
The Ennis Police Department was suspended from the program in 2013 for losing an armored vehicle that they maintain they never got in the first place. Curiously, that suspension was lifted today, according to police Captain David Anthony.
In a brief phone conversation with Fusion, Anthony said the suspension ended today, but wouldn't say why. The police captain said he is not allowed to talk about the matter in any more detail, per orders of state coordinator Sklor Hearn, who has also refused to speak to Fusion.
Posted in accordance with Title 17, Section 107, US Code, for noncommercial, educational purposes.