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15,000 Nuclear Weapons Pose a Threat to Humanity


July 13, 2016
Mayor Frank Cownie / Mayors for Peace & The Nation

We members of Mayors for Peace, an international organization of cities dedicated to eliminating nuclear weapons, are keenly aware that these devices were designed to wipe cities off the map. Cities around the world are utterly unprepared to respond to a catastrophe of that scale. Prevention is the only cure. Yet the presidential candidates have said little about how they would address the existential threat posed by nuclear weapons.

https://www.thenation.com/article/there-are-15000-nuclear-weapons-still-posing-an-intolerable-threat-to-humanity/

There Are 15,000 Nuclear Weapons Still Posing an Intolerable Threat to Humanity
These mayors are trying to change that

Mayor Frank Cownie / The Nation

(July 8, 2016) -- We members of Mayors for Peace, an international organization of cities dedicated to eliminating nuclear weapons, are keenly aware that these devices were designed to wipe cities off the map. As the mayor of Des Moines, I can expect that my city is an unlikely target, but the same cannot be said for many of my counterparts.

Cities around the world are utterly unprepared to respond to a catastrophe of that scale. Prevention is the only cure. Yet the presidential candidates have said little about how they would address the existential threat posed by nuclear weapons.

Motivated by growing concern about rising international tensions and a disquieting presidential campaign, the United States Conference of Mayors (USCM), at its recent annual meeting in Indianapolis, unanimously adopted a strong resolution put forward by members of Mayors for Peace, warning that "the nuclear-armed countries are edging ever closer to direct military confrontation in conflict zones around the world," and calling on the next president of the United States "to pursue new diplomatic initiatives to lower tensions with Russia and China and to dramatically reduce US and Russian nuclear stockpiles."

The USCM is the nonpartisan association of American cities with populations over 30,000, and resolutions adopted at its annual meetings become official policy. The USCM has annually adopted resolutions introduced by Mayors for Peace since 2006. This resolution was cosponsored by 22 of my counterparts, including New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio and Washington, DC, Mayor Muriel Bowser. (See below for full list of sponsors.)

Cautioning that "more than 15,000 nuclear weapons, most orders of magnitude more powerful than the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs, 94% held by the United States and Russia, continue to pose an intolerable threat to cities and humanity," and that "the largest NATO war games in decades, involving 14,000 US troops, and activation of US missile defenses in Eastern Europe are fueling growing tensions between nuclear-armed giants," the USCM resolution "calls on the next President of the United States, in good faith, to participate in or initiate . . . multilateral negotiations for the elimination of nuclear weapons as required by the 1970 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty."

The resolution commends President Obama for visiting Hiroshima and concluding negotiations with Iran, but notes that "the Obama Administration has laid the groundwork for the United States to spend one trillion dollars over the next three decades to maintain and modernize its nuclear bombs and warheads, production facilities, delivery systems, and command and control," and that "federal funds are desperately needed in our communities to build affordable housing, create jobs with livable wages, improve public transit, and develop sustainable energy sources."

The USCM resolution "calls on the next President and Congress of the United States to reduce nuclear weapons spending to the minimum necessary to assure the safety and security of the existing weapons as they await disablement and dismantlement, and to redirect those funds to address the urgent needs of cities and rebuild our nation's crumbling infrastructure."

_ The USCM resolution also commends Mayor Denise Simmons and the City Council of Cambridge, Massachusetts, "for demonstrating bold leadership at the municipal level by unanimously deciding on April 2, 2016, to divest their one-billion-dollar city pension fund from all companies involved in production of nuclear weapons systems and in entities investing in such companies."

Mayors for Peace, founded in 1982 and led by the Mayors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, aims through its 2020 Vision Campaign to achieve the global elimination of nuclear weapons by 2020. Mayors for Peace membership is growing rapidly; as of June 1, the organization includes 7,063 cities in 161 countries and regions including 207 US members, representing in total some one billion people—one-seventh of the world's population.

Addressing the USCM International Affairs Committee on June 25, Yasuyoshi Komizo, Secretary-General of Mayors for Peace, explained:

One common challenge we face is that many countries continue to maintain that their national security depends on nuclear deterrence. Yet nuclear deterrence is based on mutual distrust and attempts to maintain peace through the threat of indiscriminate mass killings. Such a system cannot be sustainable. We must also note that nuclear weapons cannot offer any effective solutions to the global security challenges of the 21st century. They also consume budgetary and technological resources needed for economic development, including the welfare of the world's cities.

Mayors are primarily responsible for public safety. When it comes to nuclear weapons, the next president should listen to America's mayors and let us help set sensible priorities with the aspiration that our collaboration puts the hopes, dreams and possibilities of future generations ahead of war. Let peace be the stage for our future!

The USCM resolution was sponsored by: T. M. Franklin Cownie, mayor of Des Moines, Iowa; Nan Whaley, mayor of Dayton, Ohio; Joy Cooper, mayor of Hallandale Beach, Florida; John Dickert, mayor of Racine, Wisconsin; Roy Buol, mayor of Dubuque, Iowa; Mark Stodola, mayor of Little Rock, Arkansas; Marcus Muhammad, mayor of Benton Harbor, Michigan; Alex Morse, mayor of Holyoke, Massachusetts; Kitty Piercy, mayor of Eugene, Oregon; Chris Koos, mayor of Normal, Illinois; Laurel Lunt Prussing, mayor of Urbana, Illinois; Salvatore J. Panto, Jr., mayor of Easton, Pennsylvania; Geraldine Muoio, mayor of West Palm Beach, Florida; Frank Ortis, mayor of Pembroke Pines, Florida; Ardell F. Brede, mayor of Rochester, Minnesota; Muriel Bowser, mayor of the District of Columbia; Christopher L. Cabaldon, mayor of West Sacramento, California; Miguel A. Pulido, mayor of Santa Ana, California; Charlie Hales, mayor of Portland, Oregon; Patrick L. Wojahn, mayor of College Park, Maryland; Paul Soglin, mayor of Madison, Wisconsin; Denny Doyle, mayor of Beaverton, Oregon; and Bill de Blasio, mayor of New York City, New York.

The full text of the resolution can be read below.



2016 Adopted Resolutions: International Affairs
Calling on the Next US President to Pursue Diplomacy with Other Nuclear-Armed States; Participate in Negotiations for the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons; Cut Nuclear Weapons Spending and Redirection Funds to Meet the Needs of Cities
US Mayors for Peace

WHEREAS, the August 1945 US atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki indiscriminately incinerated tens of thousands of ordinary people, and by the end of 1945 more than 210,000 people - mainly civilians, were dead, and the surviving hibakusha, their children and grandchildren continue to suffer from physical, psychological and sociological effects; and

WHEREAS, the United States Conference of Mayors (USCM) commends President Obama for visiting Hiroshima on May 27, 2016 and meeting with hibakusha as we called upon him to do in 2015, and for declaring there: "[A]mong those nations like my own that hold nuclear stockpiles, we must have the courage to escape the logic of fear, and pursue a world without them . . . . We're not bound by genetic code to repeat the mistakes of the past"; and

WHEREAS, the USCM commends President Obama for the successful conclusion of diplomatic negotiations with Iran on a comprehensive nuclear deal as we called upon him to do in 2015; and

WHEREAS, at the same time, the Obama Administration has reduced the US nuclear stockpile less than any post-Cold War presidency and has laid the groundwork for the United States to spend one trillion dollars over the next three decades to maintain and modernize its nuclear bombs and warheads, production facilities, delivery systems, and command and control, and the other nuclear-armed states are following suit; and

WHEREAS, the nuclear-armed countries are edging ever closer to direct military confrontation in conflict zones around the world, and the largest NATO war games in decades, involving 14,000 US troops, and activation of US missile defenses in Eastern Europe are fueling growing tensions between nuclear-armed giants, and according to former Defense Secretary William Perry: "The probability of a nuclear calamity is higher today, I believe, that it was during the cold war."; and

WHEREAS, more than 15,000 nuclear weapons, most orders of magnitude more powerful than the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs, 94% held by the United States and Russia, continue to pose an intolerable threat to cities and humanity; and

WHEREAS, the United States and the other nuclear-armed states are refusing to participate in the United Nations Open-Ended Working Group Taking Forward Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament Negotiations, meeting this year in Geneva; and

WHEREAS, deteriorating infrastructure is endangering public safety and quality of life, and the growing disparity in wealth is forcing people to leave America's cities, and federal funds are desperately needed in our communities to build affordable housing, create jobs with livable wages, improve public transit, and develop sustainable energy sources; and

WHEREAS, the USCM commends Mayor Denise Simmons and the Cambridge City Council for demonstrating bold leadership at the municipal level by unanimously deciding on April 2, 2016, to divest their one-billion-dollar city pension fund from all companies involved in production of nuclear weapons systems and in entities investing in such companies; and

WHEREAS, Mayors for Peace continues to aim for the global elimination of nuclear weapons by 2020, and its membership has grown to 7,063 cities in 161 countries, with 207 US members; and

WHEREAS, the USCM congratulates Des Moines and its Mayor T.M. Franklin Cownie on Des Moines' appointment as Lead City for the US section Mayors for Peace,

NOW, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED, that the USCM calls on the next President of the United States, as an urgent matter, to pursue new diplomatic initiatives to lower tensions with Russia and China and to dramatically reduce US and Russian nuclear stockpiles; and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the USCM calls on the next President of the United States, in good faith, to participate in or initiate, for example by convening a Nuclear Disarmament Summit, multilateral negotiations for the elimination of nuclear weapons as required by the 1970 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty; and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the USCM calls on the next President and Congress of the United States to reduce nuclear weapons spending to the minimum necessary to assure the safety and security of the existing weapons as they await disablement and dismantlement, and to redirect those funds to address the urgent needs of cities and rebuild our nation's crumbling infrastructure; and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the USCM calls on member cities to take action at the municipal level to raise public awareness of the humanitarian impacts and financial costs of nuclear weapons, the growing dangers of wars among nuclear-armed states, and the urgent need for good faith US participation in negotiating the global elimination of nuclear weapons by, for example, planting seedlings of A-bombed trees, hosting A-bomb poster exhibitions and film screenings, sharing hibakusha testimonies via Skype, promoting Hiroshima-Nagasaki Peace Study Courses; and having their mayors speak at local Hiroshima-Nagasaki commemorations; and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the USCM reaffirms its support for Mayors for Peace and urges additional US cities to join in its campaign to reach 10,000 member cities by 2020.

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