Xinhua General News Service & The Scotsman – 2006-04-16 09:13:25
MOSCOW (April 13, 2006) — Russia on Wednesday reiterated opposition to solving the disputed Iranian nuclear issue by force, after Tehran on Tuesday declared tha t it had successfully enriched uranium.
“A solution to the Iranian problem from the position of strength does not exist. All European Union countries agree with this,” Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said at a news briefing here on Wednesday.
Lavrov said all participants in the negotiations over Iran’s nuclear issue “have noted more than once the need for a political and diplomatic solution of that problem.”
“Iran has never declared the intention to have nuclear arms,” Lavrov said, adding that the Iranian leadership invariably stated Tehran wanted to have a purely civilian nuclear power industry.
Commenting on reports of US plans for a possible military attack on Iran, Lavrov added: “If such plans exist, and we have, of course, read about them in the media, they will not be able to resolve the problem.”
“They will only create another hotbed of tension in the Middle East, a region which already has enough such hotbeds,” he said.
The Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said on Tuesday that scientists had reached a milestone by successfully enriching uranium to make nuclear fuel.
The timing of the Iranian announcement, on the eve of the visit of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) chief Mohammed ElBaradei to Tehran, has heightened international tensions surrounding Iran’s nuclear program.
Viktor Mikhailov, ex-minister of the Russian Ministry for Atomic Energy who leads the ministry’s Institute for Strategic Stability, sa id, “Any enrichment of uranium up to 20 percent is not forbidden by IAEA rules and is used for obtaining fuel for nuclear power stations, not for military purposes.”
“This is an experimental enrichment of several grams of uranium, and it would be early to speak about the creation of a full nuclear cycle in that country,” Mikhailov stressed.
The UN Security Council on March 29 adopted a presidential statement that urged Iran to fully restore the suspension of all activities related to uranium enrichment in 30 days.
The Iranian nuclear chief Gholam Reza Aghazadeh said on Tuesday that the success in producing low-grade enriched uranium would pave the way for Iran to start industrial-scale production, adding that efforts were underway to expand the operations of the centrifuges.
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Blair Refuses to Back Iran Strike
Brian Brady / The Scotsman
(April 16, 2006) — Tony Blair has told George Bush that Britain cannot offer military support to any strike on Iran, regardless of whether the move wins the backing of the international community, government sources claimed yesterday.
Amid increasing tension over Tehran’s attempts to develop a military nuclear capacity, the Prime Minister has laid bare the limits of his support for President Bush, who is believed to be considering an assault on Iran, Foreign Office sources revealed.
US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice is calling on the United Nations to consider new sanctions against Tehran when the Security Council meets next week to discuss the developing crisis. Blair is expected to support the call for a “Chapter 7” resolution, which could effectively isolate Iran from the international community.
But, in the midst of international opposition to a pre-emptive strike on Tehran, and Britain’s military commitments around the world, the government maintains it cannot contribute to a military assault. “We will support the diplomatic moves, at best,” a Foreign Office source told Scotland on Sunday. “But we cannot commit our own resources to a military strike.”
Meanwhile, a new report on the Iran crisis has warned that neo-conservatives in the Bush administration are on “collision course” with Tehran.
The Foreign Policy Centre (FPC), often referred to as Blair’s “favourite think-tank”, will appeal for a greater effort to find a diplomatic solution in a report to be published later this week. FPC director Stephen Twigg, formerly a Labour minister, explained: “It is essential UK policy on Iran is well informed… We want to engage with the various reformist elements in Iran, both inside and outside the structures of power.
“There is potential for political dialogue, economic ties and cultural contacts to act as catalysts for the strengthening of civil society in Iran.”
While the sense of crisis over Iran has been escalated by the fiery rhetoric between Tehran and the West – particularly Washington – many within the British government are now convinced that the impasse can be resolved by repeating the same sort of painstaking diplomatic activity that returned Libya to the international fold.
The approach contrasts sharply with the strategy employed during the run-up to the war in Iraq, when ministers repeatedly issued grim warnings to Saddam Hussein over the consequences of not falling in line with their demands.
“The only long-term solution to Iran’s problems is democracy,” said Alex Bigham, co-author of the FPC report. “But it cannot be dictated, Iraq-style, or it will backfire. Iran may seem superficially like Iraq but we need to treat Iran more like Libya. Diplomatic engagement must be allowed to run its course. There need to be bigger carrots as well as bigger sticks.”
However, the conciliatory language was not reflected in the approach from Washington, where senior figures in the Bush administration remain keen to stress the danger of Tehran’s intentions.
In a declaration aimed at America’s allies as much as Iran, Rice claimed the Security Council’s handling of the Iranian nuclear issue would be a test of the international community’s credibility. “If the UN Security Council says: ‘You must do these things and we’ll assess in 30 days,’ and Iran has not only not done those things, but has taken steps that are exactly the opposite of those that are demanded, then the Security Council is going to have to act.”
Rice dismissed Iran’s declaration that it is only interested in enriching uranium for use in civil nuclear power facilities, saying the international community must remain focused on the potential military applications of this technology.
“The world community does not want them to have that nuclear know-how and that’s why nobody wants them to be able to enrich and reprocess on their territory, getting to the place that they can produce what we call a full-scale nuclear plant to be able to do this,” she said.
Rice reiterated that President Bush has not taken any option off the table, including a military response, if Iran fails to comply with the demands of the international community.
• Iran’s nuclear programme
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