Al Jazeera & AntiWar.com & The Australian – 2011-03-12 02:31:46
War Crimes Good, Exposing Them Bad
Medea Benjamin and Charles Davis / Al Jazeera
(March 10, 2011) — Bradley Manning is accused of humiliating the political establishment by revealing the complicity of top US officials in carrying out and covering up war crimes. In return for his act of conscience, the US government is torturing him, humiliating him and trying to keep him behind bars for life.
The lesson is clear, and soldiers take note: You’re better off committing a war crime than exposing one.
An Army intelligence officer stationed in Kuwait, the 23-year-old Manning — outraged at what he saw — allegedly leaked tens of thousands of State Department cables to the whistle-blowing website WikiLeaks. These cables — cables that show US officials covering up everything from child rape in Afghanistan to an illegal, unauthorised bombing in Yemen.
Manning is also accused of leaking video evidence of US pilots gunning down more than a dozen Iraqis in Baghdad, including two Reuters journalists — and then killing a man who stopped to help them. The two young children of the passerby were also severely wounded.
“Well, it’s their fault for bringing kids into a battle,” a not-terribly-remorseful US pilot can be heard remarking in the July 2007 “Collateral Murder” video.
None of the soldiers who carried out that war crime have been punished, nor have any of the high-ranking officials who authorised it. And that’s par for the course. Indeed, committing war crimes is more likely to get a soldier a medal than a prison term. And authorising them? Well, that’ll get you a book deal and a six-digit speaking fee. Just ask George W Bush. Or Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld or Condoleezza Rice. Or the inexplicably “respectable” Colin Powell.
In fact, the record indicates Manning would today be far better off if he’d killed those men in Baghdad himself — and on the lecture circuit, rather than in solitary confinement.
Hyperbole? Consider what happened to the US soldiers who, over a period of hours — not minutes — went house to house in the Iraqi town of Haditha and executed 24 men, women and children in retaliation for a roadside bombing.
“I watched them shoot my grandfather, first in the chest and then in the head,” said one of the two surviving eyewitnesses to the massacre, nine-year-old Eman Waleed. “Then they killed my granny.”
The Relative Value of Life
Almost five years later, not one of the men involved in the incident is behind bars. And despite an Army investigation revealing that statements made by the chain of command suggest they “believe Iraqi civilian lives are not as important as US lives”, with the murder of brown-skinned innocents considered “just the cost of doing business” — a direct quote from Maj Gen Eldon Bargewell’s 2006 investigation into the killings — none of their superiors are behind bars either.
Now consider the treatment of Bradley Manning. On March 1, 2011, the military charged Manning with 22 additional offences — on top of the original charges of improperly leaking classified information, disobeying an order and general misconduct. One of the new charges, “aiding the enemy”, is punishable by death. That means Manning faces the prospect of being executed or spending his life in prison for exposing the ugly truth about the US empire.
Meanwhile, the Obama administration has decided to make Manning’s pre-trial existence as torturous as possible, holding him in solitary confinement for 23 hours a day since his arrested ten months ago — treatment which Psychologists for Social Responsibility notes is, “at the very least, a form of cruel, unusual and inhumane treatment in violation of US law.”
In addition to the horror of long-term solitary confinement, Manning is barred from exercising in his cell and is denied bed sheets or a pillow. And every five minutes, he must respond in the affirmative when asked by a guard if he’s “okay.”
Presumably he lies.
While Others Sleep Soundly
It gets worse. On his blog, Manning’s military lawyer, Lt Col David Coombs, reveals his client is now stripped of his clothing at night, left naked under careful surveillance for seven hours, and, when the 5:00am wake-up call comes, he’s then “forced to stand naked at the front of the cell.”
If you point out that the emperor has no clothes, it seems the empire will make sure you have none either.
Officials at the Quantico Marine Base where Manning is being held claim the move is “not punitive”, according to Coombs. Rather, it is for Manning’s own good — a “precautionary measure” intended to prevent him from harming himself. Do they really think Manning is going to strangle himself with his underwear — and that he could do so while under 24-hour surveillance?
“Is this Quantico or Abu Ghraib?” asked US Representative Dennis Kucinich. Good question, congressman. Like the men imprisoned in former President Bush’s Iraqi torture chamber, Manning is being abused and humiliated — despite having not so much as been tried in a military tribunal, much less convicted of an actual crime.
So much for the presidential term of the candidate of hope and change.
Administrations Change, Much Remains the Same
Remember back when Obama campaigned against such Bush-league torture tactics? Recall when candidate Obama said “government whistleblowers are part of a healthy democracy and must be protected from reprisal”? It appears his opposition to torture and support for whistleblowers was mere rhetoric. And then he took office.
Indeed, despite the grand promises and soaring oratory, Obama’s treatment of Manning is starkly reminiscent of none other than Richard Nixon.
Like Obama — who has prosecuted more whistleblowers than any president in history — Nixon had no sympathy for “snitches”, and no interest in the US public learning the truth about their government. And he likewise argued that Daniel Ellsberg, the leaker of the Pentagon Papers, had given “aid and comfort to the enemy” for revealing the facts about the war in Vietnam.
But there’s a difference. Richard Nixon never had the heroic whistleblower of his day thrown in solitary confinement and tortured. If only the same could be said for Barack Obama.
Medea Benjamin is cofounder of Global Exchange and CODEPINK: Women for Peace, while Charles Davis is an independent journalist.
On March 20, CODEPINK and others will hold a rally at the Quantico Marine Base in Virginia, USA, in support of Bradley Manning. For details, click here.
Official Row: State Dept Spokesman Slams Mistreatment of Bradley Manning
Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com
(March 11, 2011) — The administration’s official position on the harsh mistreatment of detainee Bradley Manning in the Quantico Brig appears to be drawing some criticism from within, as State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley slammed the treatment as “counterproductive and stupid.”
Crowley has since insisted that the comments were his “personal opinion” and not official State Department policy, however they drew enough attention that President Obama apparently felt compelled to defend the abuse in his own comments.
Indeed, Obama insisted that he asked the Pentagon whether what is happening to Manning is “meeting our basic standards” and was assured that it was, adding that “some of this has to do with Private Manning’s safety as well.”
The real concern, however, is with the “some of this” that does not, and in the absence of Manning being on a suicide watch (which officials assure he is not), taking his flip flops away and making him sleep nude and waking him up if he rolls over facing the wall donâ€™t appear to benefit his safety.
Indeed, Manning has detailed much of his own abuse in a new memorandum, according to his lawyer, and his reports appear virtually identical to the allegations made in the past in media outlets. The Obama comments suggest the mistreatment is to be seen as official policy.
Accused WikiLeaker Bradley Manning Claims Rough Justice
(March 12, 2011) — The US army private at the centre of the WikiLeaks affair said yesterday he was being improperly subjected to unusually harsh conditions at a US military prison. In an 11-page memorandum, Private First Class Bradley Manning said officials at the Quantico brig had abused their discretion in classifying him as at risk of injuring himself and requiring “maximum custody”. He said the prison’s own records showed he had been a model prisoner and that prison psychiatrists had repeatedly recommended he be removed from “prevention of injury” status.
“Under my current restrictions, in addition to being stripped at night, I am essentially held in solitary confinement,” Private Manning wrote. “For 23 hours a day, I sit alone in my cell. The guards check on me every five minutes during the day by asking me if I am OK. I am required to respond in an affirmative manner. At night, if the guards cannot see me clearly because I have a blanket over my head or I am curled up towards the wall, they will will wake me in order to ensure that I am OK,” he said.
Private Manning said he was barred from keeping any personal items in his cell, could have only one book or magazine at a time and give it back at the end of the day, and was not allowed to exercise in his cell.
“If I attempt to do push-ups, sit-ups or any other form of exercise, I am forced to stop by the guards. Finally, I receive only one hour of exercise outside of my cell daily. My exercise is usually limited to me walking figure eights in an empty room.”
The former intelligence analyst in Iraq, who is suspected of passing hundreds of thousands of sensitive diplomatic cables and military reports to the WikiLeaks website, was hit on March 2 with 22 charges, including the capital offence of “aiding the enemy”. He is also accused of knowingly giving “intelligence to the enemy, through indirect means”.
The US military had previously announced 12 charges against him in July, accusing him of violating federal criminal and military law. But the Pentagon has yet to explicitly link him to WikiLeaks, although the charge sheets accuse him of illegally downloading government documents and causing them to be “wantonly” published on the Internet. Private Manning knew that “intelligence published on the internet is accessible to the enemy.”
WikiLeaks has infuriated US officials and shaken up the diplomatic world by publishing a stream of sensitive US military files and diplomatic cables.
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