Katrina vanden Heuvel / The Nation & Robert Dreyfuss / The Nation – 2011-05-03 00:47:04
With Osama bin Laden Dead, It’s Time
To End the War on Terror
Katrina vanden Heuvel / The Nation
WASHINGTON (May 2, 2011) — In a dramatic, yet sober, Sunday night address to the American people, President Obama announced the capture and killing of Osama bin Laden. He reminded us of the horror, the grief, the tragedy and senseless slaughter of September 11, 2001. He reminded us of how, in those grim days, “we reaffirmed our unity as one American family… and our resolve to bring those who committed this vicious attack to justice.”
The President spoke of how the capture and killing of bin Laden was the “most significant effort to date in our efforts to defeat Al-Qaeda.” And he reaffirmed that this country will never wage a war against Islam. For that reason, Obama said, bin Laden’s “demise should be welcomed by all those who welcome peace and human dignity.”
His call to Americans to remember what unifies us, to remember that “justice has been done,” is a defining opening to seize. It is time to end the “global war on terror” we have lived with for this last decade. It is time to stop defining the post 9/11 struggle against stateless terrorists a “war.” And it is time to bring an end to the senseless war in Afghanistan that has cost this nation so much in lives and money.
Framing the fight against terror as a war was a conscious decision made by Bush and Karl Rove and others in those first days after 9/11 — a decision which destroyed the unity President Obama spoke of tonight.
Rove understood that if the indefinite struggle against terror was generally framed as a “war,” it would become the master narrative of American politics-bringing with it the collateral damage we have witnessed in these last ten years.
The “war” metaphor — as retired American Ambassador Ronald Spiers wrote in a provocative piece in March 2004 in Vermont’s Rutland Herald, “is neither accurate nor innocuous, implying as it does that there is an end point of either victory or defeat…. A ‘war on terrorism’ is a war without an end in sight, without an exit strategy, with enemies specified not by their aims but by their tactics…. The President has found this ‘war’ useful as an all-purpose justification for almost anything he wants or doesn’t want to do; fuzziness serves the administration politically. It brings to mind Big Brother’s vague and never-ending war in Orwell’s 1984. A war on terrorism is a permanent engagement against an always-available tool.”
The Bush Administration and, sadly, too often the Obama Administration, used the “war” as justification for undermining the best of America’s principles. We have witnessed the abuse of international human rights standards, the unlawful detention of thousands of women and men, and the condoning of torture.
I remember watching the celebration of Washington’s WWII memorial just two years after 9/11, and how I was reminded of how, during the despair of World War II, a greater threat to the existence of our country than what we face today, President Roosevelt gave America a vision of hope — not fear. Just a decade earlier, during the Great Depression, another grave threat to the country’s spirit and unity, Roosevelt told a fearful nation that we had nothing to fear but fear itself.
In President Bush and his team, we saw people working overtime to convince the American people — through a barrage of historically inaccurate analogies — that there is nothing to fear but the end of fear itself. Today, President Obama and his team have a chance to reset our fight against terrorism.
Yes, we all live in the shadow of September 11â€”a crime of monumental magnitude. But terrorism is not an enemy that threatens the existence of our nation; our response should not undermine the very values that define America for ourselves and the rest of the world.
The Bush Administration shamelessly exploited America’s fear of terrorism for political purposes. But as we have learned, a hyper-militarized war without end will do more to weaken our democracy, and foster a new national security state, than seriously address the threats ahead. After all, what we are engaged in is not primarily a military operation. It’s an intelligence-gathering operation, a law-enforcement, public-diplomacy effort.
President Obama spoke in humane and sober terms tonight. It was a relief to hear in his words reminders of those (too brief) post-9/11 days when the idea of shared sacrifice, respect for the work of public servants, firefighters, first responders, and a sense of a larger common good pervaded our society and politics. Yet after the capture and killing of bin Laden, will political leaders have the courage to say that what we face is not a “war” on terrorism?
President Obama has tragically continued too many of the Bush era’s national security policies. Yet he is also a President who understands how wars threaten to undo Reform Presidencies and also undermine the best values of this country.
If we, as citizens, challenge the “war” framing, if we refuse, a decade after the savagery of 9/11â€™s attacks, to allow “war” framing to define the national psyche and our politics, if we demand our representatives stop couching virtually all foreign policy discussion in terms of terrorism, we have a chance to build a new and more effective security template.
As Shirin Ebadi, a champion of women and children’s rights, the first Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize and someone who has stood up to the fundamentalists in her native land of Iran, said almost a decade ago: “Governments don’t just repress people with false interpretations of religion; sometimes they do it with false cant about national security.”
Bin Laden’s Dead: Good Job, CIA! Now, Let’s Get Out of Afghanistan
Robert Dreyfuss / The Nation
(May 2, 2011) — Put aside, for the time being, the fact that the United States — with a $80 billion-a-year intelligence system, a $600-billion-plus military budget and a vast law enforcement apparatus — couldnâ€™t find and kill Osama bin Laden for more than fifteen years, including ten years since 9/11. It’s wonderful that he’s dead, killed by a US Special Forces team that spent a mere forty minutes on the ground in a military city just thirty-five miles outside Pakistan’s capital, Islamabad.
In the hours and days to come, many of the questions swirling around the events will be answered. Where did the intelligence come from, as long ago as last August, that put the United States on bin Laden’s trail after so long? What role did Pakistan play? Was there any effort to capture bin Laden, or was this simply an assassination team sent in to eliminate him?
There’s little doubt that this is a world-changing event, even though it’s easy to exaggerate the role of Al Qaeda and bin Laden. For years, especially during the Bush administration, the United States inflated Al Qaeda to the level of an existential threat, even though the organization has been shattered since the fall of the Taliban in 2001, with a membership in the hundreds.
Even President Obama, who has prudently refused to describe US counterterrorism efforts as a “war on terror,” has himself placed too much importance now and then on Al Qaeda’s role, including in justifying the expansion of the war in Afghanistan. Still, bin Laden’s elimination means that the symbolic leader of Al Qaedaâ€“style terrorism worldwide, and the inspiration for follower and copycat groups in Iraq, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, North Africa and elsewhere, is gone.
Along with the victory celebration, manifested concretely in the spontaneous street festival outside the White House at midnight, thereâ€™s another reaction building across the country: Now we can come home. The war in Afghanistan, which long ago lost any sane rationale, no longer has even a pretext: even if the Taliban take over — a highly unlikely prospect, even were the United States to pack up and leave — there simply wonâ€™t be any Al Qaeda to provide shelter to. If President Obama needs any more reason to order an accelerated withdrawal from Afghanistan in July, the killing of bin Laden provides a perfect opportunity to declare victory and end the war.
Lots of questions remain about Pakistan. Since January — when the controversy over a CIA-linked US contractor who killed two Pakistanis erupted — US-Pakistan relations have sunk to new lows. The Pakistanis have stepped up criticism of drone attacks, tightened surveillance of US officials and CIA officers, and recently told the Afghan government to cut back its ties with the United States and join Pakistan and China in brokering a political deal to end the war, one that would involve an accord with the Taliban.
Obama says that Pakistan cooperated with the raid against bin Laden, and Pakistani ISI intelligence officials are taking credit and claiming that they took part in the raid, but it remains to be seen exactly how involved Pakistan was in the death of bin Laden. Clearly, Al Qaeda had at least some protection from some Pakistani officials, and sorting out all that will take some time.
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