Marga Ortigas / Al Jazeera – 2012-07-04 19:37:26
(July 4, 2013) — It was a very hot day. The unforgiving kind that left nowhere to hide.
Cradled within the sweltering curves at the centre of one of the southern Philippines’ more developed cities lies a small shanty village.
It wasn’t far before its spindly walkways revealed a relatively large yard enclosed by a wire mesh fence. Everyone knew who lived in the ramshackle wooden dwelling at the back. The Miparanum brothers were neighbourhood legends.
Under the shade of their star-apple tree, 69-year-old Nic sat near 78-year-old Manuel, both huddled over workbenches busily handcrafting guns as they’ve done for over 25 years.
Nic said he made his first weapon when he was only 10 to defend his family from thieves. “You can’t not be armed here. You always need to protect yourself,” he said.
They lived in a dangerous place, he said, and his family paid the ultimate price when his father was killed by a political rival when he was only 16.
“He wasn’t armed, our father,” Nic explained. “He didnâ€™t stand a chance …” That’s when he vowed he would never be a victim again.
In 1986, Nic and his brother used their skills to earn a living. They now make anywhere from $35-$300 per weapon.
They don’t just make guns from scratch; they can also modify any weapon according to a buyer’s specifications for a clientele that ranges from soldiers to rebel fighters, warlords to ordinary citizens. Their restive province is rife with all sorts of groups.
A separatist war is being waged here and feudal politics prevails. It’s also known to be a hotbed for loose firearms, which are estimated to number more than 100,000.
“It’s just the way things are,” another local resident said. “I am not from here originally … but I have been acculturated …” he went on to say.
To be armed is to level the playing field.
Just outside the shanty village there are unmistakable signs that progress and peace are beginning to dot the landscape. Modern shopping malls are cropping up. Restaurant chains from the big cities are settling in. Coffee shops now line pavements.
But beneath all the trimmings, not much else has changed in Maguindanao, because the DNA by which the culture is defined is the same. The “family” fingerprint.
“I went after the family that killed my father,” Nic shared unequivocally. “I had to … if not, they would’ve just finished us off. So I beat them to it.” He barely batted an eyelash, unafraid to tell his story. “Why should I be? That’s the way justice works here.”
The Miparanums never thought of moving away. “Here, even if you leave, whoever’s after you will go after the last remaining relative … there is no simple end to feuds,” Nic said.
He continued that eventually a feud might be resolved by a marriage arranged between the two parties expressly for that purpose. But even a marriage is no guarantee of everlasting peace. Until entire family trees are healed, it will be a neverending cycle of violence, or, one-up-manship.
Another local told us that that’s the way things would’ve played out after the 2009 massacre here that left at least 58 people dead had there not been “outsiders” among the victims. More than 20 of those victims were members of one family.
As it is, the two powerful clans involved have already intermarried through the years, but that’s not helped in terms of finding a way for them to share power in the province.
In local politics, one clan has simply replaced the other. And politics is just another means by which they can play out their generations’ old family dramas.
Nic Miparanum doesn’t believe he’ll ever live to see things change. “This is already my destiny,” he said. “I will not hide anymore, people should know the truth.” If he had a mirror, he would see a look of peace actually came over his face as he said that. “They can come after me if they want, I am ready … but I will likely get to them first.”
Like a man who has settled his demons, Nic smiles and looks up to the bright blue sky stretched out behind the leaves of his star-apple tree. He has cast light on a shadowy world few understand. He is no longer a victim, and he has survived.
Marga Ortigas, based in the Philippines, has been a broadcast journalist for almost 20 years.
Posted in accordance with Title 17, Section 107, US Code, for noncommercial, educational purposes.