The Progressive Change Campaign Committee & Chris Good / ABC News & Robert Borosage / AlterNet – 2013-03-11 23:23:07
Elizabeth Warren Grills Treasury Official on Corrupt Bank
HSBC gave aid and comfort to Al Qaeda and laundered fund for drug cartels. Why no sanctions?
The Progressive Change Campaign Committee
WASHINGTON, DC (March 8, 2013) — In a Senate hearing this past week, Elizabeth Warren grilled a Treasury official about a major Wall Street bank (HSBC) that was caught laundering money for Al Quaeda and drug cartels — repeatedly — and only got a slap on the wrist.
In the video, it’s clear that bank regulators aren’t used to being told to go harder on the banks. This is why we worked so hard together to elect Elizabeth Warren!
Warren previously grilled the top SEC official, who admitted they have no idea when they last took a bank to trial. This week, Warren underscored a core point:
“If you’re caught with an ounce of cocaine, the chances are good that you’re going to go to jail…but evidently if you launder nearly a billion dollars for drug cartels, your company pays a fine and you go home and sleep in your own bed at night. I think that’s fundamentally wrong.”
ACTION — PETITION TO SEC: Taking Wall Street banks to trial is necessary for real accountability. As Elizabeth Warren says, trials allow the public to learn the truth and allow regulators to better do their job of protecting the public. We call on you to end your practice of ‘too big for trial.’ We’ll deliver this petition to the SEC, show your signature to our friend Elizabeth Warren, and inform the media.
Here’s the original video of Warren grilling the SEC:
Sen. Warren: Why Jail Pushers But Not Bankers?
Chris Good / ABC News
(March 8, 2013) — Elizabeth Warren has a question: How much money does a bank have to launder before people go to jail?
Warren, the Democratic senator from Massachusetts and financial-regulatory maven, posed that question numerous times to financial regulators at a Senate Banking Committee hearing Thursday on banks and money laundering.
In December, U.S. Justice Department officials announced that HSBC, Europe’s largest bank, would pay a $1.92 billion fine after laundering $881 million for drug cartels in Mexico and Colombia. At the time, the Justice Department disputed accusations that it views some banks as too big to prosecute.
The two regulators, Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence David S. Cohen and Federal Reserve Governor Jerome H. Powell, deflected Warren’s questions, saying that criminal prosecutions are for the Justice Department to decide.
“If you’re caught with an ounce of cocaine, the chances are good you’re going to jail. If it happens repeatedly, you may go to jail for the rest of your life,” an exasperated Warren said, as she wrapped up her questioning. “But evidently, if you launder nearly a billion dollars for drug cartels and violate our international sanctions, your company pays a fine and you go home and sleep in your own bed at night — every single individual associated with this — and I just think that’s fundamentally wrong.”
Outrage: Some Banks Are Too Big to Prosecute
Robert Borosage / AlterNet
(March 7, 2013) — For years, the Obama Administration has been pummeled for failing to bring criminal charges against a single major Wall Street bank or a single leading Wall Street banker for what the FBI termed an â€œepidemic of fraudâ€ that blew up the entire economy.
Investigations revealed the banks committed routine fraud in peddling mortgage securities they knew were garbage, trampled basic property laws, laundered money from Iran, Libya and Mexican drug lords, conspired to game the basic measure of interest rates and more. Yet, time after time, the Justice Department and regulatory agencies settled for sweetheart deals, with no admission of guilt, no banker held accountable, and fines that were the equivalent in earnings of a speeding ticket to the average family.
Yesterday Attorney General Holder stated openly what was already apparent. The Justice Department believes that Too Big to Fail Banks are Too Big to Jail. Criminal indictments against banks or leading bankers might endanger the economy and thus were too big a risk.
Hereâ€™s what Holder said 
â€œI am concerned that the size of some of these institutions becomes so large that it does become difficult for us to prosecute them when we are hit with indications that if you do prosecute, if you do bring a criminal charge, it will have a negative impact on the national economy, perhaps even the world economy,â€ he said. â€œAnd I think that is a function of the fact that some of these institutions have become too large.â€
Holder was responding to questions by Republican Senator Charles Grassley about why the Justice Department brought no criminal charges against the large British bank HSBC after it admitted laundering money for parties in Iran, Libya and Mexican drug lords. The Attorney General acknowledged that the sheer size of the big banks â€œhas an inhibiting impact on our ability to bring resolutions that I think would be more appropriate. That is something you (members of Congress) all need to consider.â€
Foam the Runway
Allowing the big banks to operate above the law is at one with the philosophy that guided both the Bush and the Obama administrations during the financial collapse. Tim Geithner, former head of the New York Federal Reserve bank under Bush and Treasury Secretary under Obama, would preach  that it was necessary to â€œfoam the runwayâ€ to protect the banks from total crackup.
That â€œfoamâ€ included literally trillions in the backdoor bailout of banks organized by the Federal Reserve, abandoning the underwater homeowners who were victimized by Wall Streetâ€™s wilding, while neutering any regulatory or criminal accountability.
Above the Law
Holderâ€™s outrageous admission means that bankers operate â€“ and know they operate â€“ above the law. That renders all the argument about regulations and legal limits risible. Bankers spend tens of millions lobbying to weaken regulations and starve regulators of authority and resources. But when the action gets hot, the bubble starts to build, the music keeps playing, they can trample the laws, mislead the regulators and defraud their customers, bolstered by the confidence that the laws will not apply to them.
Holderâ€™s argument, however, is indefensible. There is no reason a bank with billions of assets could not survive the indictment of its CEO or CFO. If the Fed and Treasury can â€œfoam the runwayâ€ to protect otherwise insolvent banks from collapse, they surely could insure that a bank survives while its executives are held personally responsible for their crimes. Putting a few bankers in jail and holding them personally accountable for their frauds would do much to bring sobriety back to Wall Street.
The Campaign for a Fair Settlement, of which the Campaign for Americaâ€™s Future is a partner, has called on the president to repudiate Holderâ€™s statement, and to direct the Justice Department to prosecute those who violated the law. But Holderâ€™s position forces a bigger issue.
Too Big to Be
So big banks operate above the law. And as the conservative head of the Dallas Federal Reserve Bank Richard Fischer and many others have argued , they are not disciplined by the market. They know their losses are covered, while they pocket their winnings.
They have multi-million dollar personal incentives to leverage up, use other peopleâ€™s money to make big bets on high risk operations that offer big rewards. Their excesses blew up the economy, but they got bailed out and emerged bigger and more concentrated than ever.
And, of course, since investors know the big banks canâ€™t fail, the big banks can attract money at much lower rates than smaller banks, a subsidy worth about $83 billion a year according to recent calculations  by Bloomberg News.
Clearly, institutions that are above the law and beyond the discipline of the market cannot exist in their current form. The Congress has only two choices. The big banks can be nationalized and treated as public utilities. The public would pocket their profits and cover their losses. Or the big banks can be broken up, and be accountable to both the law and the market.
Senators Sherrod Brown and Jeff Merkley have spearheaded the drive to break up the big banks. This takes remarkable courage. Brown had to overcome torrents of big money poured into the effort to defeat him when he ran for re-election last year.
Now they are gaining unlikely allies. George Will has called on  conservatives to follow Brown to the barricades. Republican Senator David Vitter has joined in calling for study of the subsidy big banks enjoy. Retired bankers like John Reed, former president of Citibank have joined with Dallas Fed President Fischer and others to call for breaking up the banks.
Can the big banks be held accountable? Wall Street is a leading source of funds for both parties. The revolving door between Wall Street and Washington spins no matter what administration is in power. The Obama administration has opposed every effort to break up the big banks. Republicans in Congress have shamelessly offered themselves as Wall Streetâ€™s protectors in exchange for campaign money.
But Holderâ€™s admission makes action â€“ however improbable â€“ imperative. A nation of laws and markets cannot abide huge private financial institutions that are accountable to neither.
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