11 Years On: Assessing the Lasting US’ Toxic Legacy in Iraq

March 30th, 2014 - by admin

Sarah Lazare / Common Dreams – 2014-03-30 01:14:49


#RightToHeal: 11 Years On, Bearing Witness to Iraq War’s Lasting Harm
Iraqi civil society organizers and US military veterans launch People’s Hearing on occupation’s ongoing toxic legacy

Sarah Lazare / Common Dreams

(March 27, 2014) — Eleven years after the US invasion of Iraq, the war has largely disappeared from the corporate media, and President Obama recently took the widely-criticized step of defending the invasion and claiming the Iraqi people now have “sovereignty.” Yet, on Wednesday night, Iraqi civil society organizers and US military veterans gathered at a “People’s Hearing” in Washington, DC to tell a different story: of a war that is not over, that is still taking life, spreading trauma, and poisoning Iraq.

In two hours of emotionally-charged testimony — curated by the Right to Heal campaign, a joint effort of Organization for Women’s Freedom in Iraq, Federation of Workers Councils and Unions of Iraq, and Iraq Veterans Against the War — the hearing traced the ongoing impacts of the US-led war and occupation. This legacy includes environmental poisoning, Iraqi government repression, sectarian conflict, poverty, trauma, displacement, and death.

During the hearing, which was moderated by journalist Phil Donahue and followed an earlier hearing in the House featuring the testimony of witnesses, an overwhelming call emerged. The US must give reparations to the Iraqi people, clean up its toxic legacy, and stop waging wars and occupations around the world.

“Relations based on militarism need to be changed. The change can come from places like this,” said Yanar Mohammed, president and co-founder of the Organization of Women’s Freedom in Iraq. “We will not surrender to sadness. We will not surrender to subjugation. We will have our say.”

Toxic Legacy
Speakers described a country poisoned for decades by the US military — from depleted uranium used in the 1991 Gulf War and recent Iraq War, the chemical weapon white phosphorous used in the 2004 US attack on Fallujah, and burn pits — which are run by the US military and private contractors and burn munitions, chemicals, rubbers, plastics, and a host of other substances often within close proximity of Iraqi civilians. This toxic legacy in Iraq was repeatedly compared to the US nuclear legacy in Japan and Agent Orange attacks in Vietnam.

Mozhgan Savabieasfahani, an environmental toxicologist, testified that US burn pits in Iraq are exposing the Iraqi public to a litany of dangerous compounds, including lead and mercury. Research teams sent to Iraqi hospitals in Basra and Falluja found abnormally high rates of cancers, birth defects, and heart defects, she stated.

Kristi Casteel, mother of IVAW member Joshua Casteel, explained that her son passed away August 25, 2012 due to complications from cancer caused by being exposed to burn pits in Abu Ghraib during his Army service.

Due to these burn pits, the military was “allowing more harm to our soldiers than our supposed enemies were inflicting,” said Kristi. Joshua became a conscientious objector, writer, and anti-war activist, and according to his mother, had the dying wish that burn pits be eradicated and those exposed to these pits, especially Iraqis, receive care.

Mohammed, who fled Iraq during the first Gulf war but then returned after 2003 to “help people,” described epidemics of birth defects in cities and towns across Iraq. “There are some mothers who have three or four children who don’t have limbs that work, who are totally paralyzed, their fingers fused to each other. These children have mental disabilities,” she said. “There needs to be reparations for families facing birth defect and areas that have been contaminated. There needs to be cleanup.”

US-Backed Repression
Speakers testified that the US has also left behind another poison — the Nouri al-Maliki regime that is stoking sectarian conflict and repressing protesters and organizers fighting for their rights — against the backdrop of health problems, trauma, and a climbing refugee crisis.

According to Falah Alwan, President of the Federation of Workers Councils and Unions in Iraq, the Iraqi government has carried forward old laws from Saddam Hussein that repress and punish workers for organizing in their workplaces. “The new government is busy with how to re-divide the wealthy and seize the resources of society,” he said. “They are supported directly by the US government — they want to issue new labor laws to control the workers and restrain them from stating their demands.”

Mohammed slammed the “corrupt” US-backed Iraqi government and scoffed at Obama’s claims about Iraqi sovereignty. “The US occupation taught us how to hate each other based on sectarian divides. The US occupation has alienated the women of Iraq and the ethnicity of Iraq.”

The Traumas That Spread
“The truth is that war is a devastating thing,” said Mozhgan. “And if we unleash it on innocent populations, it will harm us all.”

One by one, Iraq veterans took to the podium to testify to the wounds they still carry. IVAW member Rebekah Lampman described the harrowing experience of being raped by a fellow soldier and being denied recourse for winning justice and accountability. In fact, she was blamed for her own assault, she stated. Reflecting on her own healing following her military discharge, she stated, “I’m not a victim. I’m a survivor.”

Former marine and IVAW member Ramon Mejia, who said he joined the military out of “economic necessity” to provide for his family, explained that he was taught to dehumanize Iraqi people. When he made the decision, while deployed, to start “really seeing” Iraqi people after an experience hearing the call to prayer, he says everything changed. My war had changed: I went from going through the motions to questioning,” he said.

After leaving the military, Ramon faced seizures and mental health problems, and at one point had suicidal ideations. He declared, “I wish i could express to you how sorry i am for what happened in Iraq, and I’m dedicating my life to making things right.”

Mozghan pointed out that “very little work has been done on the mental effects of this war” on the Iraqi population. “Imagine the kinds of mental, emotional, physical pressure on the population of Iraq,” she stated.

Said Mohammed, “You get devastated out of fear. You have no hope.”

Justice and Reparations
Speaker after speaker repeated the call for reparations and accountability — including research into the toxic legacy of the US war in Iraq, and a “clean-up” of these sites.

While the Iraqi government is corrupt, there is a civil society that can oversee reparations and move it to the right places, urged Mohammed. Veterans repeated the “Right to Heal call for true care” for returning veterans, and Mozghan also spoke about the need for combating racism in the US

Yet, speakers urged that the real solution is ending the US-led wars responsible for creating the trauma and devastation in the first place.

“The war brings us here today,” said Pam Spees, senior staff attorney for the Center for Constitutional Rights, in an address delivered in Arabic for the Iraqi audience — including those listening remotely on a live-stream of the event. “There is nothing than can compensate for the damage that this war has caused, but we are committing ourselves to seek justice.”

“We are looking for solutions and answers for how not to let it happen again,” said Mohammed.

The full hearing is featured in the video below:

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