Jon Queally / Common Dreams – 2014-06-09 11:37:51
Obama’s EPA Plan vs. Climate Catastrophe:
‘Fighting a Wildfire with a Garden Hose’
More critical takes on White House plan to cut emissions say new rules simply don’t go far enough
Jon Queally / Common Dreams
(June 2, 2014) — In announcing new emissions standards of US power plants on Monday, many of the nation’s largest green groups are championing the Obama administration’s new EPA regulations as the strongest proposals ever put forth by a US president in the fight to rein in greenhouse gases or mitigate against climate change.
Not to throw a wet blanket on the news, however, there’s a serious catch that more critical environmentalists and organizations are taking the time to point out. Despite welcoming the move as “step in the right direction,” these voices — taken collectively — are saying it’s important that people recognize this essential fact: Given the scale of the climate emergency and the level of aggressive action needed, the Obama plan is just simply not enough. Not by a long shot.
Groups like 350.org, the Center for Biological Diversity, Friends of the Earth, Food & Water Watch, and Greenpeace USA are among those rising to challenge the emerging mainstream narrative that the new standards are somehow the best that could be hoped for or achieved.
â€œThis is like fighting a wildfire with a garden hose — weâ€™re glad the president has finally turned the water on, but itâ€™s just not enough to get the job done,â€ said Kevin Bundy of the Center for Biological Diversityâ€™s Climate Law Institute.
According to Gabe Wisniewski, climate and energy campaign director for Greenpeace USA, “The new rule shows that the Obama administration is serious about taking action on climate change, but the Administration could and should strengthen it considerably.”
Wisnieski pointed to his group’s recently published report — titled Energy [R]evolution – A Sustainable USA Energy Outlook (pdf) — which shows that from a technical perspective, the US power sector could achieve almost twice the reductions proposed in the rule while also creating more and better jobs, greater energy independence, and a more democratic energy system.
Erich Pica, president of Friends of the Earth, called Obama’s new rules “the most significant step by any American president to combat climate disruption.” Though a clear step forward, he added, “this rule simply doesnâ€™t go far enough to put us on the right path. The science on climate change has become clearer and more dire, requiring more aggressive action from the president.”
Bill McKibben, co-founder of 350.org, didn’t take on the shortcomings of the EPA rules directly, but made the blunt point that to adequately respond to the danger posed by global warming caused by industrial emissions, Monday’s announcement should only be viewed as small portion of what’s needed overall from lawmakers in Washington, DC..
â€œThis is good,” said McKibben of the, “these rules will help advance the obvious tasks of moving America off coal. Itâ€™s one of the many things that simply have to happen if we have a chance of catching up with the physics of climate change. Others include rejecting Keystone XL, securing a powerful international agreement, and ending dangerous energy exploration, like fracking and tar sands mining.”
In a joint statement, Wenonah Hauter of Food & Water Watch and Janet Redman from the Institute for Policy Studies, said the plan falls short for several key reasons. First, the targets are just too low. And second, the reliance on a cap-and-trade scheme, which essentially allows utilities and power plant operators to pay-to-pollute, has been proven inadequate at reducing overall emissions and does nothing to help local communities situated in the shadow of those plants. They write:
We applaud the President for using the tools he has available, given that Congress refuses to act, and for setting hard targets for emissions reductions. However, the targets donâ€™t make the US a leader in addressing climate change. Because this rule applies to only one segment of our economy — existing coal-fired power plants — the reduction targets fall far short of the IPCCâ€™s goal for developed countries of economy-wide reductions of 15 to 40 percent below 1990 emission levels by 2020. With the Presidentâ€™s targets, US economy-wide emissions would still be above 1990 levels in 2030.
In addition, by allowing states the option of using cap-and-trade and offsets, the administration has cut the legs out from under its own rule. Carbon trading is designed to benefit big corporate polluters. It lets industry decide for itself how to limit carbon emissions based on profit motive, and makes it cheaper for the dirtiest power plants to simply pay for permits instead of cleaning up pollution.
And Rachel Cleetus, a senior climate economist with the Union of Concerned Scientists, agrees. “While the power plant carbon standard is a tremendous step forward, ultimately we will need to make much deeper cuts in emissions to help limit worsening climate impacts, something the administration cannot do alone,â€ she said. â€œCongress must step up and enact legislation that will lead to deep cuts in emissions throughout the economy.â€
As the groups vowed to keep pushing their members to keep up the pressure on the White House and Congress on taking bolder action, some credited the growing climate justice movement for what the White House and EPA have now proposed.
“This is what good organizing does,” said McKibben, “and more of it will keep the ball rolling. Movement pressure is starting to bring results.â€
Going forward, Pica vowed his members at Friends of the Earth will continue to speak out against what he termed Obama’s “misguided all-of-the aboveâ€ energy policy and said that the best way to do that is to continue the call for “an immediate transition to clean renewable energy” paired with an equally intense demand to keep “as many fossil fuels in the ground as possible.”
Arctic Sea Ice in Steep Decline
(June 3, 2014) — Arctic sea ice area is in steep decline. The yellow line on the image below shows the sea ice area for 2014 up to June 1st, showing an almost vertical fall over the past few days.
The Naval Research Laboratory image below compares the May 14, 2014, sea ice concentration (left) with the sea ice concentration forecast for June 10, 2014 (run on June 2, 2014, on the right).
The NOAA image below shows sea surface temperature anomalies on June 3rd, 2014.
The NOAA image shows the huge sea surface temperature anomalies all over the Northern Hemisphere on June 3rd, 2014. Large areas with sea surface temperature anomalies up to 8 degrees Celsius and higher show up in and around the Arctic Ocean.
The image below shows sea surface temperature anomalies up to 1.5 degrees Celsius over the May-June 2014 period, with global average anomalies that hover just above 1 degree Celsius.
Above sea surface anomalies are very high, much higher than historic annual temperature anomalies over land and oceans, as shown on the image below for comparison.
In conclusion, the situation spells bad news for the sea ice, also given the prospect of an El NiÃ±o event projected to occur later this year. As discussed in earlier posts, the sea ice is already very thin, and as this image shows, ocean heat is melting the sea ice from beneath, while the sun is warming up the ice from above. At this time of year, insolation in the Arctic is at its highest, as Earth reaches its maximum axial tilt toward the sun of 23Â° 26′. In fact, insolation during the months June and July is higher in the Arctic than anywhere else on Earth, as discussed at this earlier post.
Feedbacks further accelerate warming in the Arctic, as described in the earlier post Feedbacks in the Arctic. Temperature rises of the water close to the seafloor of the Arctic Ocean is very dangerous, as heat penetrating sediments there could cause hydrate destabilization, resulting in huge amounts of methane entering the atmosphere over the Arctic Ocean.
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