Bridgette Burkholder / Climate Nexus & 350.org and Divest Invest & Sarayaku and Amazon Watch – 2015-12-04 22:05:11
What You Need to Know About Day 4 at COP21
Bridgette Burkholder / Climate Nexus
PARIS (December 4, 2015) — Day four of COP21 found negotiators embroiled in the nitty gritty details of a new draft of the agreement text, while extreme weather events around the world highlighted the importance of the talks.
Chennai, Indiaâ€™s 4th largest city, saw its heaviest rainfall in more than 100 years, causing massive flooding that has driven thousands of people from their homes and killed nearly 200. The event marked the wettest day in Decemberâ€™s history, but Indiaâ€™s national weather office is predicting several more days of similar rain for Tamil Nadu, one of Indiaâ€™s most important manufacturing regions.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi blamed climate change for the flooding, pointing to it as yet another example of the urgent need for a global agreement to fight global warming.
Itâ€™s the kind of weather climate scientists say will become more common. Globally, extreme precipitation has been increasing and the fingerprint of global warming in driving that trend has been identified. Increasingly intense precipitation events fueled by climate change are likely to put more people at risk, particularly in already vulnerable regions.
The Global Risk Index, a new report from Germanwatch, analyzes how countries have been affected by weather-related impacts, such as floods and droughts and ranks them based on risk to their economy and human populations. In the past two decades, the most devastated countries have been in Asia and Central America.
Wealthy nations arenâ€™t immune to extreme weather. In France, nearly 20,000 people have lost their lives due to climate impacts.
The economic and social costs of not addressing climate change would be astronomical. The Paris climate summit is one of the biggest and most important steps in combatting these issues.
$3.4 Trillion: Fossil Fuel Divestment Commitments Break New Record
350.org and Divest Invest
(December 2, 2015) — The fossil fuel divestment campaign has broken a new record at COP21: More than 500 institutions representing more than $3.4 trillion in assets have made some form of divestment commitment according to 350.org and Divest Invest, two organizations coordinating the growing movement.
The new numbers are another impressive leap for the divestment effort, although campaigners are quick to point out that some of the commitments are only partial divestments and the $3.4 trillion represents the total amount of assets represented by institutions, not the amount of money divested, which is difficult to track due to varying degrees of disclosure.
Todayâ€™s announcement is another sign in the early days of the Paris climate summit that investors are reading the writing on the wall and dramatically shifting capital away from fossil fuels and towards clean, renewable energy.
On Monday, Bill Gates and a group of investors announced the launch of a multi-billion dollar private sector coalition, Breakthrough Energy Coalition, to accelerate clean energy innovation. Other voices, including many of the worldâ€™s most vulnerable countries, are demanding that the Paris agreement send a clear signal that the age of fossil fuels has come to an end and the dawn of renewables is irreversible.
The institutions that have joined the fossil fuel divestment campaign hope that their actions can push governments to follow suit by shifting public finance from fossil fuels to climate solutions. Many are calling on governments to specifically make good on their promises to end fossil fuel subsidies and fulfill their climate finance commitments.
In September 2014, 181 institutions representing $50 billion in assets had made a divestment commitment. On Sept. 21, during Climate Week in New York City, 350.org and Divest-Invest announced the number had jumped to 400 institutions representing $2.6 trillion under management and launched a â€œDivest for Parisâ€ initiative to garner new commitments ahead of COP21. In the intervening 10 weeks between then and today, more than 100 institutions made new divestment commitments.
Organizers will announce a series of new divestment announcements and endorsements Today, including:
* 19 French Cities have endorsed divestment ahead of COP21: 350.org will announce for the first time that they have secured commitments from 19 French cities, including Lille, Bordeaux, Dijon, Saint-Denis, Rannes, Ile-de-France and others.
* The French parliament has endorsed divestment: On Nov. 25, the French National Assembly adopted a resolution encouraging public investors, companies (especially those in which the states owns shares) and local authorities not to invest in fossil fuels anymore. The resolution is the first step to formalizing the policy as law.
* The French Ensemble Foundation will join European Divest-Invest: Jacqueline Delia Bremond, Co-founder and Co-Chair will announce that the foundation will join the European Divest-Invest initiative and divest their holdings from fossil fuels. Since 2004, the foundation has given over $28 million to environmental causes around the world.
Some of the most notable new announcements since Sept. 21 include:
* Uppsala became the largest city in Sweden to endorse fossil fuel divestment.
* MÃ¼nster became the first city in Germany to divest completely from fossil fuels.
* Melbourne, the capital of Australia, committed to go fossil free ahead of COP21. In fact, Australia has seen a seven-fold growth in the divestment movement, from two councils divesting in 2014, to 14 divesting as of now. Together, these funds represent AUD $5.5 billion in assets under management.
* Oslo, the capital of Norway, announced that it will divest its $9 billion pension fund (â‚¬8 billion) from coal, oil and gas companies, becoming the first capital city in the world to ban investments in fossil fuels.
* Dutch pension fund PFZW announced it will divest from coal companies and reduce its investments in other fossil fuel companies. The fund has â‚¬161 billion of assets under management.
* London School of Economics, one of the preeminent economics schools in the world, dropped all its direct and indirect holdings of coal and tar sands and all direct holdings of fossil fuel companies.
* Allianz, Europeâ€™s largest insurance company, divested â‚¬630 million of their own capital investment portfolio from coal and are reinvesting over â‚¬4 billion into wind energy over the next six months. This is one of the largest funds to make a commitment to divest from fossil fuels. Allianz tied their announcement to COP21, making the moral and economic case for investing in cleaner technologies.
* APRA AMCOS, the biggest music industry organisation in the southern hemisphere announced that it is beginning the process of divesting from all fossil fuels. APRA AMCOS distributed over $250 million in royalties to its 87,000 songwriter and composer members last year, making it a large cultural force for divestment.
* London Science Museum announced plans to dump Shell Oil as a sponsor, amidst controversy and public pressure.
* In addition to the London School of Economics 5 Universities from the UK took action: Oxford Brookes University, University of the Arts London, University of Surrey and University of Sheffield divested from all fossil fuel companies; Wolfson College (Oxford university) divested from coal and tar sands. Fund manager CCLA, which manages investments for Birmingham City University, Cranfiled University, Heriot-Watt University, University of Hertfordshire, University of Portsmouth, University of Westminster excluded coal and tar sands from its investments.
* The first church in Germany, the Protestant Church in Hesse and Nassau, managing â‚¬1.8 billion, committed to drop investments in coal, oil and gas too.
* Two weeks ago, renowned economists Thomas Piketty and Tim Jackson wrote a letter in The Guardian, calling on investors to divest from fossil fuel ahead for the COP21.
The commitments vary in their exact language and some are only partial divestment commitments or just apply to a particular fossil fuel, such as coal or tar sands. At many institutions on the list, activists are still pushing for more action.
The top line number refers to the number of assets under management by the institutions that have made a commitment, not the amount of money directly removed from fossil fuels. The goal is to demonstrate that a growing number of significant institutions are either reducing their carbon risk, taking a moral stance on fossil fuels, increasing investments in climate solutions or all of the above.
The announcement event today at COP21 included the following speakers:
May Boeve, executive director of 350.org;
Bill McKibben, co-Founder of 350.org;
Pascal Canfin, senior advisor for International Climate Affairs at the World Resources Institute;
Jeremy Leggett, from Carbon Tracker Initiative;
Stephen Heintz, president of the Rockefeller Brothers foundation;
Jacqueline Delia Bremond, co-founder and co-chair of the Ensemble foundation;
Clara Vondrich, Global director of Divest / Invest philanthropy;
Kevin De Leon, president pro tempore of the California State Senate;
Jesse Bragg, media director at Corporate Accountability International;
Noelie Audi-Dor, president of LSE Divest;
Jess Worth, from â€œBP or Not BP?â€; and
Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner, Poet and a Pacific Climate Warrior from the Marshall Islands.
â€œHumanity — Together — Is in Danger of Extinction.
Are We Really Understanding This?â€
Sarayaku and Amazon Watch
“We have to come to France to have my voice heard and all of the voices of Sarayaku represented — we need the world to listen to our voices, especially as women who care for future generations. We live in the heart of this shared planet — we are defending it not just for ourselves, the world needs to hear this.”
— Ena Santi, Sarayaku community leader
(December 3, 2015) — “Let’s leave our old perceptions and ideas, to be reborn and boost a collective transformation!” Patricia Gualinga, the Kichwa Director of International Relations from Sarayaku told a packed house at the Rights for the Earth conference at the UN COP21 climate summit in Paris.
“Now is the time to stop these destructive ideas in our ancestral territories and around the world. We as indigenous peoples have the great opportunity to bring our vision — and a clear proposal — that could call on a transformation for all of humanity.”
Patricia, Amazon Watch and a commanding delegation of indigenous leaders and youth from the Kichwa community of Sarayaku in the Ecuadorian Amazon hit the ground running with a full first few days of events at and around the summit, where they are advocating for the protection of their ancestral territories, sharing an innovative vision of sustainable development based on Kawsak Sacha and highlighting the importance of keeping fossil fuels in the ground in Earth’s most biodiverse places like the Amazon.
Kawsak Sacha — the “Living Forest” — is Sarayaku’s proposal for living in harmony with the natural world, stemming from the knowledge of Indigenous peoples who have inhabited the Amazon for millennia. While much of the western worldviews nature as a source of raw materials for human use, Kawsak Sacha recognizes that the forest as a whole is made up entirely of living beings and the connected communicative network that they have with each other. According to Sarayaku “the Living Forest economic system is an ecological web; the natural world is also a social world.”
“We must achieve peace with nature first. Then we can achieve peace with each other,” said former president of the Constitutional assembly in Ecuador Alberto Acosta back at the conference in Paris where he sat on the panel with Patricia. Sarayaku’s vision seemed to tie in effortlessly to discussions on the forefront here in Paris and around the world whether intended or not.
The Sarayaku delegation has big plans for symbolically presenting this proposal — and the importance of keeping oil in the ground — to the world on Sunday. While logistics and security have become challenging in light of the recent tragedy in Paris, we are all moving forward with hope to transport a traditional “Canoe of Life” from the Amazon to Paris to carry and serve as a focal point for their message.
The long river canoe was carved from a single canela tree by community members and is a symbol of the importance of empowering indigenous forest stewards — the rainforest’s best defenders — in this global movement to confront the impacts of climate change.
Leading up to this brave action, the delegation has been relentlessly voicing their message inside and outside official COP21 spaces at its Le Bourget center, in a wide array of events with indigenous and NGO partners, to the media, new friends and supporters from around the world…and even straight to French President Hollande!
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