TeleSUR – 2016-03-20 00:50:25
Pressure Mounts on Kerry to Take Action over Honduras
(March 17, 2016) — A huge group of academics join a growing list of influential figures putting pressure on the US secretary of state to act on the killing of Berta Caceres. A group of 730 leading Latin American experts and scholars have condemned the assassination of Honduran activist Berta Caceres and urged US Secretary of State John Kerry to halt aid and support to Honduras until the Central American country improves its atrocious human rights record.
“Despite Honduras’ worsening human rights conditions, the US is providing an aid package to the region, the Alliance for Prosperity in the Northern Triangle,” the signatories said in a statement. The scholars’ letter calls for US sanctions on Honduras until the murder of Berta Caceres is properly investigated with the assistance of international human rights investigators.
The huge group of academics join a growing list of influential figures putting pressure on Kerry to take action after the killing of Caceres. Also Thursday, US representatives Hank Johnson and Keith Ellison, alongside 60 other colleagues, wrote to the secretary of state to request his support in combating human rights violations and rampant impunity in Honduras.
In the letter, members of Congress call for an independent, international investigation into the murder of Caceres with backing from the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.
The letter was signed just hours before the murder of Berta Caceres’ colleague and fellow activist, Nelson Garcia, further highlighting the ongoing nature of these crimes and the need for urgent action. Both the group of academics and US politicians also demanded protection for Caceres’ family and key witness Gustavo Castro, as well as Honduran social and human rights activists, who are targeted with impunity.
After Caceres and Garcia Murders:
The US Must Stop Funding Honduras
(March 16, 2016) — Activists are calling for the United States and other governments and corporations to end funding for repressive government forces in Honduras. The assassination of another Honduran activist involved in Berta Caceres’ Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras is an extreme case within a wider wave of systematic attacks and criminalization against the community in the two weeks since the iconic leader was murdered, a human rights observer told teleSUR on Wednesday. And it underlines the urgent need for the United States and other international backers to cut support to Honduras, she added.
“There are instances that suggest that COPINH continues to be under surveillance and to face threatening actions,” Brigitte Gynther of the Washington-based School of the Americas Watch told teleSUR by phone from La Esperanza, the western Honduran town where Caceres was murdered on March 3.
“Since Berta’s assassination there have been a number of other instances of COPINH members being followed,” she added, highlighting the example of Tomas Gomez, a leader of COPINH, being harassed by armed men showing up at his home.
The most egregious case of such attacks is the murder of COPINH member Nelson Garcia, shot dead by gunmen outside his mother-in-law’s home on Tuesday during an eviction of the community of Rio Chiquito where Garcia was involved in a resistance movement.
“It was clearly repression for his involvement in defending the community’s right to land and housing,” Gynther said. “He was very active in that struggle.” Before he was murdered, Garcia was at the site of the Rio Chiquito eviction, where Honduran police and military forces and a tractor were violently forcing the community out by destroying homes and crops. Garcia went to his mother-in-law’s home, where two gunmen were waiting for him and shot him dead.
The conflict in the community has roots in an illegal land sale to make way for a private housing project that has threatened to dispossess community members of housing and agriculture lands, Honduran-based coordinator of the Honduras Solidarity Network, Karen Spring reported.
Human rights defenders have no doubt that the murder was a targeted assassination for Garcia’s involvement in resistance movements to defend Indigenous land and rights.
Along with threats, harassment, and murder in the case of Garcia, COPINH has also faced criminalization in the wake of Caceres’ assassination “COPINH has denounced that the investigation has been focusing on COPINH members and attempts to further criminalize them and hide the reality of the political nature of Berta’s murder,” explained Gynther.
Members of COPINH and Caceres’ family have slammed authorities for manipulating the investigation. Immediately after the murder, authorities denied the family’s demands for an independent forensic expert to be present at the autopsy, while the government has yet to respond to widespread demands for an independent, internationally-led investigation into the case.
Caceres’ daughter Olivia Marcela ZuÃ±iga told teleSUR last week that the probe has focused on alleged “internal divisions” within COPINH and on the sole witness in the case, Mexican activist Gustavo Castro. Human rights defenders have repeatedly demanded Honduras guarantee Castro’s safety as a survivor of an assassination attempt and key witness.
“It is very worrisome how Gustavo Castro has been treated,” said Gynther, noting that his safety has been put at risk. “It is extremely concerning that he has not been able to return home but instead has had to remain in the country and be subjected to very difficult, manipulative investigative processes.”
Human rights defenders accompanying Castro’s brother Oscar in a press conference last week warned that the witness has suffered psychological torture while fearing for his life and is living in a situation of arbitrary detention in Honduras.
Caceres’ case has shone high-profile light on the human rights crisis that has deepened in Honduras since the 2009 military coup that the US State Department under Hillary Clinton helped cement by blocking ousted President Mel Zelaya’s return to power.
For many solidarity activists, it’s a key moment to put pressure on the United States and other international supporters of the rights-abusing Honduran administration to be accountable for their complicity in attacks on activists and other human rights violations.
“Berta’s assassination combined now with the murder of Nelson Garcia and the repression of social movements throughout Honduras really demands that the United States stop financing the Honduran regime,” argued Gynther, highlighting US military and security aid to Honduras as particularly to blame for support for abuses. “The US is essentially financing this repression.”
“How many people have to die before the US is willing to cut military and security aid to Honduras?” she added. Activists have planned a rally in solidarity with Gustavo Castro on Wednesday and a national mobilization on Thursday and Friday in memory of Caceres and her struggle.
Posted in accordance with Title 17, Section 107, US Code, for noncommercial, educational purposes.