Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com & Donald J. Trump / The White House – 2018-08-14 21:50:46
Trump to Ignore Multiple NDAA Provisions
Rejects limits Congress placed on Yemen War
Jason Ditz / AntiWar.com
(August 14, 2018) â€“ In a 15-page signing statement [See below. — EAW] issued Monday night, President Trump revealed that he intends to ignore many of the myriad provisions of the 2019 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), the $716 billion military spending bill.
The signing statement singles out several provisions which Trump argues would restrict his control in ways he believes are needed for â€œmilitary missions,â€ and inconsistent with his â€œconstitutional authority as Commander in Chief.â€
Trump suggested that heâ€™d ignore all the limitations placed on the Yemen War, and objected to providing an assessment on war crimes to Congress, saying it violates executive privilege.
In general Trump objected to all NDAA provisions demanding more information on civilian casualties inflicted overseas, saying that he believes Congress is trying to make the military share too much information.
Among the many policy issues this impacts are a ban on recognition of Crimea as part of Russia, which Trump argues usurps his authority to state US positions in international affairs. He also objected to the ban on military cooperation with Russia.
Perhaps the biggest Russia provision, however, was the one seeking the creation of a White House post on Russian election meddling, which was to testify to Congress twice annually. Trump rejected this, arguing the executive branch needs to be able to keep secrets.
In addition, Trump rejected the idea that Congress could limit the size of a drawdown in South Korea, if he ordered one. He also objected to any limitations on moving detainees out of Guantanamo Bay, as well as a provision suggested by the Navy to stop having warships stationed abroad for longer than a decade at a time.
WASHINGTON (August 13, 2018) — Today, I have signed into law H.R. 5515, â€œan Act to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2019 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.â€
This Act authorizes fiscal year 2019 appropriations for critical Department of Defense (DOD) national security programs, provides vital benefits for military personnel and their families, and includes authorities to facilitate ongoing military operations around the globe.
I applaud the Congress for passing this bill to provide the DOD with the resources it needs to support our Armed Forces and keep America safe. I note, however, that the bill includes several provisions that raise constitutional concerns.
Several provisions of the bill, including sections 112, 147, 936, 1017, 1665, and 1689, purport to restrict the Presidentâ€™s authority to control the personnel and materiel the President believes to be necessary or advisable for the successful conduct of military missions.
While I share the objectives of the Congress with respect to maintaining the strength and security of the United States, my Administration will implement these provisions consistent with the Presidentâ€™s authority as Commander in Chief.
Several other provisions of the bill, including sections 141, 147, 323, 1231, 1242, 1247, 1259, 1264, and 1290, purport to require that the Congress receive a certification or notification before the President directs certain military or diplomatic actions.
I reiterate the longstanding understanding of the executive branch that these types of provisions encompass only actions for which such advance certification or notification is feasible and consistent with the Presidentâ€™s exclusive constitutional authorities as Commander in Chief and as the sole representative of the Nation in foreign affairs.
Sections 1033 and 1035 purport to restrict transfers of detainees held at the United States Naval Station, GuantÃ¡namo Bay. I fully intend to keep open that detention facility and to use it, as necessary or appropriate, for detention operations.
Consistent with the statement I issued in signing the National Defense Authorization Act last year, I reiterate the longstanding position of the executive branch that, under certain circumstances, restrictions on the Presidentâ€™s authority to transfer detainees violates constitutional separation-of-powers principles, including the Presidentâ€™s constitutional authority as Commander in Chief.
Several provisions of the bill, including sections 1207, 1241, 1257, and 1289, purport to dictate the position of the United States in external military and foreign affairs. My Administration will treat these provisions consistent with the Presidentâ€™s exclusive constitutional authorities as Commander in Chief and as the sole representative of the Nation in foreign affairs, including the authorities to determine the terms upon which recognition is given to foreign sovereigns, to receive foreign representatives, and to conduct the Nationâ€™s diplomacy.
Other provisions of the bill present concerns under the Constitutionâ€™s Appointments Clause and the separation of powers. First, section 739 would deepen existing violations of the Appointments Clause, the Incompatibility Clause, and the separation of powers contained within the statute that established the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.
President Reagan signed that legislation on the understanding that these constitutional defects would be remedied (see Statement on Signing the Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine Act of 1983, 1 Pub. Papers 782, 782 (May 27, 1983)), but that has not happened.
The Attorney General and the Secretary of Defense should confer about measures that would allow this Foundation to continue its important work in compliance with the Constitution.
Second, section 1051 purports to establish an advisory commission â€œin the executive branchâ€ for the purpose of producing reports and recommendations on the national security uses of artificial intelligence and machine learning. Section 1051, however, empowers Members of Congress to appoint 12 of the commissionâ€™s 15 commissioners.
While I welcome the creation of this commission, these legislative branch appointees preclude it, under the separation of powers, from being located in the executive branch. My Administration accordingly will treat the commission as an independent entity, separate from the executive branch.
A number of provisions of the bill, including sections 595, 842, 1031, 1043, 1062, 1212, 1231, 1233, 1236, 1245, 1262, 1265, 1274, 1280, 1281, 1287, 1294, and 1761, purport to mandate or regulate the submission to the Congress or the publication of information protected by executive privilege. My Administration will treat these provisions consistent with the Presidentâ€™s constitutional authority to withhold information, the disclosure of which could impair national security, foreign relations, law enforcement, or the performance of the Presidentâ€™s constitutional duties.
Additionally, while I share the objective of section 1062 of providing the Congress accurate information, my Administration will interpret the reporting requirement in this provision as requiring only the submission of information that is reasonably available to DOD, not as requiring changes in underlying DOD processes for battle damage assessment and investigation.
A number of other provisions of the bill, including sections 218, 327, 335, 627, 1018, 1065, 1205, 1208, 1261, 1677, and 1793, purport to require executive branch officials under the Presidentâ€™s supervision to recommend certain legislative measures to the Congress.
My Administration will treat those provisions consistent with Article II, section 3 of the Constitution, which provides the President the discretion to recommend to the Congress only â€œsuch Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.â€
DONALD J. TRUMP
THE WHITE HOUSE,
August 13, 2018.